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  1. Content type: Research

    Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS) is a rare disease. Knowledge on the quality of life (QoL) and the disease’s societal impact is limited. Canakinumab is used in increasing frequency for the treatme...

    Authors: Catharina M. Mulders-Manders, Tim A. Kanters, Paul L. A. van Daele, Esther Hoppenreijs, G. Elizabeth Legger, Jan A. M. van Laar, Anna Simon and Leona Hakkaart-van Roijen

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:59

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  2. Content type: Research

    Pulmonary hemosiderosis is a rare and complex disease in children. A previous study from the French RespiRare® network led to two important findings: 20% of the children presented with both pulmonary hemosider...

    Authors: Aurelia Alimi, Jessica Taytard, Rola Abou Taam, Véronique Houdouin, Aude Forgeron, Marc Lubrano Lavadera, Pierrick Cros, Isabelle Gibertini, Jocelyne Derelle, Antoine Deschildre, Caroline Thumerelle, Ralph Epaud, Philippe Reix, Michael Fayon, Sylvie Roullaud, Françoise Troussier…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:60

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  3. Content type: Research

    Lysosomal α-glucosidase deficiency (Pompe disease) not only leads to glycogen accumulation in skeletal muscle, but also in the cerebral arteries. Dolichoectasia of the basilar artery (BA) has been frequently r...

    Authors: Ole Hensel, Ilka Schneider, Mathias Wieprecht, Torsten Kraya and Stephan Zierz

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:57

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  4. Content type: Position statement

    Epidermal necrolysis (EN) encompasses Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS, < 10% of the skin affected), Lyell syndrome (toxic epidermal necrolysis, TEN, with ≥30% of the skin affected) and an overlap syndrome (10 to...

    Authors: Saskia Ingen-Housz-Oro, Tu-Anh Duong, Benoit Bensaid, Nathalia Bellon, Nicolas de Prost, Dévy Lu, Bénédicte Lebrun-Vignes, Julie Gueudry, Emilie Bequignon, Karim Zaghbib, Gérard Royer, Audrey Colin, Giao Do-Pham, Christine Bodemer, Nicolas Ortonne, Annick Barbaud…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:56

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  5. Content type: Research

    Infantile and late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are lysosomal storage diseases affecting the central nervous system (CNS). The infantile NCL (INCL) is caused by mutations in the PPT1 gene and l...

    Authors: Ni Sima, Rong Li, Wei Huang, Miao Xu, Jeanette Beers, Jizhong Zou, Steven Titus, Elizabeth A. Ottinger, Juan J. Marugan, Xing Xie and Wei Zheng

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:54

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  6. Content type: Research

    Fabry disease is a multisystemic lysosomal storage disorder caused by the impairment of α-galactosidase A. The incidence of this rare disease is underestimated due to delayed diagnosis. Moreover, the managemen...

    Authors: Irene Vieitez, Olga Souto-Rodriguez, Lorena Fernandez-Mosquera, Beatriz San Millan, Susana Teijeira, Julian Fernandez-Martin, Felisa Martinez-Sanchez, Luis Jose Aldamiz-Echevarria, Monica Lopez-Rodriguez, Carmen Navarro and Saida Ortolano

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:52

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  7. Content type: Research

    Hereditary angioedema with C1 inhibitor deficiency is a disabling, potentially fatal condition characterized by recurrent episodes of swelling. Self-treatment is recommended, in order to reduce admissions to t...

    Authors: Andrea Zanichelli, Giulia Maria Azin, Federico Cristina, Romualdo Vacchini and Teresa Caballero

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:51

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  8. Content type: Research

    Autoantibodies against the smaller isoform of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65Ab) reflect autoimmune etiologies in Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and several neurological disorders, including Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS)....

    Authors: Suvi Liimatainen, Jerome Honnorat, Sean J. Pittock, Andrew McKeon, Mario Manto, Jared R. Radtke and Christiane S. Hampe

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:55

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  9. Content type: Review

    Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) is a progressive and life limiting autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in either the NPC1 or NPC2 gene. Mutations in these genes are associated with abnormal endosomal-lysos...

    Authors: Tarekegn Geberhiwot, Alessandro Moro, Andrea Dardis, Uma Ramaswami, Sandra Sirrs, Mercedes Pineda Marfa, Marie T. Vanier, Mark Walterfang, Shaun Bolton, Charlotte Dawson, Bénédicte Héron, Miriam Stampfer, Jackie Imrie, Christian Hendriksz, Paul Gissen, Ellen Crushell…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:50

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  10. Content type: Research

    Strimvelis (autologous CD34+ cells transduced to express adenosine deaminase [ADA]) is the first ex vivo stem cell gene therapy approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA), indicated as a single treatment ...

    Authors: Heide Stirnadel-Farrant, Mahesh Kudari, Nadia Garman, Jessica Imrie, Bikramjit Chopra, Stefania Giannelli, Michela Gabaldo, Ambra Corti, Stefano Zancan, Alessandro Aiuti, Maria Pia Cicalese, Rohit Batta, Jonathan Appleby, Mario Davinelli and Pauline Ng

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:49

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  11. Content type: Research

    The study aim was to verify the feasibility of a diagnostic algorithm with the evaluation of beta glucocerebrosidase (GBA) activity on dried blood spots (DBS) in screening high-risk Gaucher disease (GD) childr...

    Authors: Ke Lei, Yanxia Zhao, Lirong Sun, Hui Liang, Ronghua Luo, Xiaojing Sun, Yanling Tao, Lijun Chen, Lingling Zhang, Aimin Li, Fu Li and Hongfang Ding

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:48

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  12. Content type: Research

    KARS encodes lysyl- transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) synthetase, which catalyzes the aminoacylation of tRNA-Lys in the cytoplasm and mitochondria. Eleven families/sporadic patients and 16 different mutations in K...

    Authors: Anna Ardissone, Davide Tonduti, Andrea Legati, Eleonora Lamantea, Rita Barone, Imen Dorboz, Odile Boespflug-Tanguy, Gabriella Nebbia, Marco Maggioni, Barbara Garavaglia, Isabella Moroni, Laura Farina, Anna Pichiecchio, Simona Orcesi, Luisa Chiapparini and Daniele Ghezzi

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:45

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  13. Content type: Research

    Acitretin is the main retinoid used to treat severe inherited ichthyosis. Alternatives may be considered if it results ineffective or there are side-effects, or for women of childbearing age.

    Authors: Giuliana Onnis, Christine Chiaverini, Geoffroy Hickman, Isabelle Dreyfus, Judith Fischer, Emmanuelle Bourrat and Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:46

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  14. Content type: Research

    Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HCS) (#OMIM 102500) is a rare, autosomal dominant condition that presents in early childhood. It is caused by mutations in the terminal exon of NOTCH2, which encodes the transmembrane NOTCH...

    Authors: James F. H. Pittaway, Christopher Harrison, Yumie Rhee, Muriel Holder-Espinasse, Alan E. Fryer, Tim Cundy, William M. Drake and Melita D. Irving

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:47

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  15. Content type: Position statement

    The reversal of the Rett syndrome disease process in the Mecp2 mouse model of Guy et al. (2007) has motivated families and researchers to work on this condition. The reversibility in adult mice suggests that t...

    Authors: Angus John Clarke and Ana Paula Abdala Sheikh

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:44

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  16. Content type: Research

    Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by the development of numerous benign tumors. Renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) occur in up to 80% of TSC patients, which ...

    Authors: Yi Cai, Hao Guo, Wenda Wang, Hanzhong Li, Hao Sun, Bing Shi and Yushi Zhang

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:43

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  17. Content type: Research

    Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS), a hereditary multisystem disorder with oculocutaneous albinism, may be caused by mutations in one of at least 10 separate genes. The HPS-2 subtype is distinguished by the prese...

    Authors: Meike Hengst, Lutz Naehrlich, Poornima Mahavadi, Joerg Grosse-Onnebrink, Suzanne Terheggen-Lagro, Lars Høsøien Skanke, Luise A. Schuch, Frank Brasch, Andreas Guenther, Simone Reu, Julia Ley-Zaporozhan and Matthias Griese

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:42

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  18. Content type: Research

    Thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms and dissection often develop in hypertensive elderly patients. At higher risk are smokers and those who have a family history of aortic aneurysms. In most affected famil...

    Authors: Adel Shalata, Mohammad Mahroom, Dianna M. Milewicz, Gong Limin, Fadi Kassum, Khader Badarna, Nader Tarabeih, Nimmer Assy, Rona Fell, Hector Cohen, Munir Nashashibi, Alejandro Livoff, Muhammad Azab, George Habib, Dan Geiger, Omer Weissbrod…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:41

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  19. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant disorder mainly due to a deletion of chromosome 17p11.2 including PMP22 (PMP22 Del HNPP). The prevalence of HNPP is estimat...

    Authors: Jong Eun Park, Seung-Jae Noh, Mijin Oh, Dae-Yeon Cho, So Young Kim and Chang-Seok Ki

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:40

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  20. Content type: Review

    Pigmentary mosaicism is a term that describes varied patterns of pigmentation in the skin caused by genetic heterogeneity of the skin cells. In a substantial number of cases, pigmentary mosaicism is observed a...

    Authors: Anna Boye Kromann, Lilian Bomme Ousager, Inas Kamal Mohammad Ali, Nurcan Aydemir and Anette Bygum

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:39

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  21. Content type: Review

    Taliglucerase alfa is an enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) approved for treatment of adult and paediatric patients with Type 1 Gaucher disease (GD) in several countries and the first plant cell–expressed recomb...

    Authors: Ari Zimran, Michael Wajnrajch, Betina Hernandez and Gregory M. Pastores

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:36

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