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Table 6 T-scores for the 10 dimensions of the KIDSCREEN questionnaire for adolescents with isolated and non-isolated PRS

From: Quality of life and phonatory and morphological outcomes in cognitively unimpaired adolescents with Pierre Robin sequence: a cross-sectional study of 72 patients

KIDSCREEN dimensions Isolated PRS
n = 59
Non-isolated PRS
n = 13
Total
n = 72
Controls
n = 23845
P1 P2
Physical well being      0.148/0.056 0.0003/0.0001 0.795/0.377
0.016/0.008
 Mean (SD) 49.74 (7.73) 43.56 (7.45) 48.62 (7.99) 52.2   
 Median (range) 49.63 (34.65–73.20) 42.53 (34.65–59.36) 47.08 (34.65–73.20)    
Psychological well being      0.790/0.419 0.589/0.419 0.747/0.794
0.940/0.794
 Mean (SD) 50.38 (8.94) 46.73 (8.51) 49.72 (8.92) 50.3   
 Median (range) 49.34 (32.80–68.49) 43.25 35.50–61.55) 47.12 (32.80–68.49)    
Moods and emotions      0.001/0.002 0.001/0.002 0.0009/0.0007
0.0009/0.0007
 Mean (SD) 54.40 (9.71) 50.46 (6.89) 53.69 (9.35) 50   
 Median (range) 54.02 (31.42–70.91) 51.34 (38.86–62.06) 54.02 (31.42–70.91)    
Self perception      0.821/0.435 0.616/0.916 0.296/0.988
0.198/0.402
 Mean (SD) 51.19 (8.67) 45.88 (7.07) 50.23 (8.61) 49.7   
 Median (range) 49.76 (34.89–69.78) 44.58 (31.24–55.38) 49.76 (31.24–69.78)    
Autonomy      0.031/0.013 0.023/0.005 0.278/0.115
0.193/0.057
 Mean (SD) 48.63 (9.63) 42.90 (9.25) 47.59 (9.76) 50.3   
 Median (range) 46.85 (29.16–68.75) 40.54 (23.05–60.52) 46.01 (23.05–68.75)    
Parents relation and home life      0.241/0.271 0.078/0.078 0.728/0.731
0.346/0.301
 Mean (SD) 49.55 (9.97) (12.25) 48.56 (10.53) 50.8   
 Median (range) 49.50 (30.18–65.87) 41.10 (23.19–65.87) 46.61 (23.19–65.87)    
Financial resources      0.339/0.636 0.009/0.02 0.446/0.676
0.021/0.047
 Mean (SD) 49.01 (9.89) 48.08 (11.86) 48.84 (10.19) 52.1   
 Median (range) 49.28 (23.24–62.86) 49.28 (23.24–62.86) 49.28 (23.24–62.86)    
Social support and peers      0.142/0.056 0.016/0.006 0.579/0.28
0.151/0.081
 Mean (SD) 49.19 (11.19) 43.07 (8.43) 48.08 (10.95) 51.3   
 Median (range) 46.66 (27.22–71.46) 42.20 (29.19–58.14) 45.08 (27.22–71.46)    
Social acceptance      0.347/0.129 0.057/0.011 0.676/0.41
0.184 /0.076
 Mean (SD) 49.53 (8.56) 46.66 (10.09) 49.01 (8.85) 51   
 Median (range) 48.61 (32.25–73.80) 45.34 (32.25–73.80) 48.61 (32.25–73.80)    
School environment      0.5035/0.181 0.698/0.826 0.128 /0.055
0.605/0.508
 Mean (SD) (7.59) (9.23) 50.64 (8.07) 51   
 Median (range) 48.07 (31.08–58.85) 48.07 (27.15–58.85) 48.07 (27.15–58.85)    
  1. Bold indicates statistically significant results
  2. P1: comparison of all patient scores and those of 1st line, to value 50 (one-sample t-test/signed-rank test) and 2nd line, to the weighted values of the controls extracted from Silva’s meta-analysis, 2019 (one-sample t-test/signed-rank test)
  3. P2: comparison of the patients with isolated PRS scores and those of 1st line, to value 50 (one-sample t-test/signed-rank test) and 2nd line, to the weighted values of the controls extracted from Silva’s meta-analysis, 2019 (one-sample t-test/signed-rank test)