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Table 1 The detailed characteristics and treatment approaches of the included cases

From: Combined surgical-orthodontic treatment of patients with cleidocranial dysplasia: case report and review of the literature

First author Year of publication Country Age Sex Treatment Treatment duration
Frame [14] 1988 Britain 9 Male Extraction of all primary and supernumerary teeth to allow the natural eruption. Thirteen permanent teeth partially or completely spontaneously erupted during observation.
Orthodontic treatment.
4 years
Frohberg [19] 1995 America 11 Female Sequentially extraction of the primary and supernumerary teeth
Surgical exposure of the impacted permanent teeth for natural eruption.
Combined orthognathic and orthodontic treatment.
Unknown
Angle [16] 2005 America 10 Female Extraction of 10 supernumerary teeth.
Surgical exposure of impacted incisors and upper canines with orthodontic traction. Exposure the entire clinical crowns of incisors by gingivectomy.
Then surgical exposure of mandibular canines and all first premolars for natural eruption.
Extraction of the mandibular second premolars and orthodontic treatment.
Implants supported prostheses to replace 12 and 22.
8 years
Farronato [15] 2009 Italy 28 Male Extraction of all primary and 6 supernumerary teeth.
Surgical exposure of 11 impacted teeth with orthodontic traction.
Orthodontic treatment.
Crown restoration for 13–23 for esthetic motivation.
Unknown
Park [18] 2013 Asian 12 Male Extraction of 9 primary teeth and 7 supernumerary teeth.
Observation for possible spontaneous eruption of permanent teeth over 9 months.
Surgical exposure combined with orthodontic traction of 32 and 42 which failed to erupt spontaneously.
Combined orthognathic and orthodontic treatment.
Implants supported prostheses to replace 12, 23, 33, and 43.
12 years
Caucasian 14 Female Extraction of all primary and supernumerary teeth.
Maxillary expansion.
Surgical exposure of 7 impacted teeth with orthodontic traction.
Combined orthognathic and orthodontic treatment.
4 years
Rocha [13] 2014 Brazil 22 Female Extraction of the 3 supernumerary teeth.
Sequentially surgical exposure of 11 impacted teeth with orthodontic traction.
Orthodontic treatment.
13 years
Cimen [12] 2015 Turkey 18 Male Extraction of the 3 supernumerary teeth.
Surgical exposure of all 10 impacted teeth with orthodontic traction under general anesthesia.
Combined orthognathic and orthodontic treatment.
Implants supported prostheses to replace 15–24.
2 years
Li [17] 2016 China 23 Male Extraction of all primary and 9 supernumerary teeth.
Surgical exposure of 4 impacted teeth with orthodontic traction.
Orthodontic treatment.
Implants supported prostheses to restore 45, 46.
Unknown