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Table 2 Treatment modalities in patients with OSAS by age at onset of therapy in our center (PP, palatal plates; TPP, Tübingen palatal plate; stim. knob, stimulation knob)

From: Less invasive treatment of sleep-disordered breathing in children with syndromic craniosynostosis

  Infants
n = 11
Toddlers
n = 3
Preschool children
n = 1
School children
n = 4
Palatal plates 9× PP
• 8× TPP
• 1× stim. knob
3× TPP   1× TPP
(midface surgery later)
CPAP 1× CPAP (parental preference)   CPAP & adenotomy 2× CPAP
(1× with midface surgery elsewhere but residual OSAS)
Midface surgery     3× midface surgery
(1× after TPP)
Other 1× intubation
(patient died 10 days after birth)