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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Selective cognitive and psychiatric manifestations in Wolfram Syndrome

  WFS T1DM HC  
N 19 25 25  
Gender distribution 13 F, 6 M 15 F, 10 M 10 F, 15 M  
Ethnicity distribution (%) 84.2 C, 10.5 H, 5.3 O 92 C, 4 AA, 4 H 72 C, 8 AA, 8 H, 12 O  
  Mean (SD)    p
Age 15.8 (6.0) 13.6 (4.6) 14.3 (5.6) 0.43
Diabetes duration 10.2 (5.9) 7.6 (5.0) –-- 0.13
HbA1c (%) 7.5 (1.2)b 8.3 (1.0)a,b 5.3 (0.3) <0.001*
Capillary glucose (mg/dl) 196.5 (60.5) b 209.5 (73.2)b 93.5 (11.8) <0.001*
  1. C Caucasian, AA African American, H Hispanic, O other
  2. *significant at p < 0.05; p values shown for the main effect of group in univariate GLM analyses for each measure
  3. amean different from WFS group
  4. bmean different from HC group