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Table 2 Age of onset in years, adjusted HR analysis for overall survival rates in patients with pemphigus foliaceus

From: Prediction of survival for patients with pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristic No (%) Deaths HR (95% CI) p-value
No (%)
Age of onset ≥65 years 7 (31.8%) 4 (80.0%) 13.48 (1.49 – 121.94) 0.021
Age of onset <65 years 15 (68.2%) 1 (20.0%)   
Gender (M) 4 (18.2%) 0 (0.0%) NA NA
Gender (F) 18 (81.8%) 5 (100.0%)   
Alcohol (Yes) 2 (9.1%) 0 (0.0%) NA NA
Alcohol (No) 20 (90.9%) 5 (100.0%)   
Smoking (Yes) 9 (40.9%) 0 (0.0%) NA NA
Smoking (No) 13 (59.1%) 5 (100.0%)   
High blood pressure (Yes) 6 (27.3%) 2 (40.0%) 0.58 (0.09 – 3.80) 0.570
High blood pressure (No) 16 (72.7%) 3 (60.0%)   
Coronary heart disease (Yes) 3 (13.6%) 1 (20.0%) 3.07 (0.26 – 36.36) 0.375
Coronary heart disease (No) 19 (86.4%) 4 (80.0%)   
Diabetes mellitus (Yes) 2 (9.1%) 1 (20.0%) 7.79 (0.54 – 111.18) 0.130
Diabetes mellitus (No) 20 (90.9%) 4 (80.0%)   
Dental problems (Yes) 12 (54.5%) 2 (40.0%) 1.77 (0.24 – 13.24) 0.579
Dental problems (No) 10 (45.5%) 3 (60.0%)   
ESR ≥ 30 mm/hour 7 (31.8%) 2 (40.0%) NA NA
ESR < 30 mm/hour 5 (22.7%) 0 (0.0%)   
Steroids ≥ 1mg/kg/day 4 (18.2%) 1 (20.0%) NA NA
Steroids < 1 mg/kg/day 12 (54.5%) 2 (40.0%)   
Anti-Dsg1 autoAbs ≥ 100 U/mL 12 (54.5%) 4 (80.0%) 2.59 (0.28 – 24.13) 0.404
Anti-Dsg1 autoAbs < 100 U/mL 10 (45.5%) 1 (20.0%)