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Table 3 Diagnostic parameters obtained in the investigation of gastric lactobezoar

From: Gastric lactobezoar - a rare disorder?

Diagnostic criteria Diagnostic information patients reported*)
Patient history - calorie content > 80 kcal/100 ml formula 69 (71.9)
  - mode/technique of feeding 63 (65.6)
  - food additives (milk fortifiers, anti-reflux preparations) 7 (7.3)
  - decreased fluid intake/24 hrs 17 (17.7)
  - increased fluid loss (vomiting, diarrhea, sweating) 71 (74.0)
  - medications antagonizing gastric secretion & motility 7 (7.3)
Physical examination - signs of acute abdomen 67 (69.8)
  - palpable abdominal mass 19 (19.8)
  - physical signs of dehydration 16 (16.7)
  - signs of cardiocirculatory distress 17 (17.7)
  - signs of respiratory distress 15 (15.6)
Laboratory - parameters of blood loss (↓ hemoglobin, ferritinetc.) 6 (6.3)
  - hematest positive stool 5 (5.2)
  - parameters of dehydration (↑ hematocrit, BUN etc.) 12 (12.5)
Diagnostic - abdominal ultrasound imaging 12 (12.5)
  - plain abdominal radiography 62 (64.6)
  - air contrast radiography 18 (18.8)
  - clear fluid feed radiography 14 (14.6)
  - opaque contrast medium radiography 10 (10.4)
  - X-ray video imaging 13 (13.5)
Gastroscopy   2 (2.1)
Surgery   9 (9.4)
  1. *) Diagnostic parameters reported in # per 96 patients. Numbers in parentheses are percentages per 96 Patients