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Rare skin diseases

This section publishes translational and clinical research on a broad range of rare diseases (primarily genetic but also autoimmune, inflammatory, and infectious), characterized by the predominant involvement of skin and adnexa. Topics of interest range from research on disease aetiology, pathogenetic mechanisms, and disease modifiers, to studies on epidemiologic and diagnostic aspects of single disorders or disease groups, analyses of natural disease course, and descriptions of novel clinical features. A major focus is on all aspects of patient care, and particularly on recommendations for patient management. Review articles on specific diseases or disease groups are welcome.

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  1. Integrin α3 (ITGA3) gene mutations are associated with Interstitial Lung disease, Nephrotic syndrome and Epidermolysis bullosa (ILNEB syndrome). To date only six patients are reported: all carried homozygous ITGA...

    Authors: Elisa Adele Colombo, Luigina Spaccini, Ludovica Volpi, Gloria Negri, Davide Cittaro, Dejan Lazarevic, Salvatore Zirpoli, Andrea Farolfi, Cristina Gervasini, Maria Vittoria Cubellis and Lidia Larizza
    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:136
  2. Aberrant activation of the Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is a key driver in the pathogenesis of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), including patients with BCC nevus syndrome (BCCNS). It is unclear whether BCCs arising in p...

    Authors: Anne Lynn S. Chang, Sarah T. Arron, Michael R. Migden, James A. Solomon, Simon Yoo, Bann-Mo Day, Edward F. McKenna and Aleksandar Sekulic
    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:120
  3. Inherited epidermolysis bullosa (EB) comprises a highly heterogeneous group of rare diseases characterized by exacerbated skin and/or mucosal fragility and blister formation after minor mechanical trauma. Leve...

    Authors: H. Montaudié, C. Chiaverini, E. Sbidian, A. Charlesworth and J-P. Lacour
    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:117
  4. Calciphylaxis is a syndrome consisting of vascular calcification, thrombosis, and skin necrosis. The syndrome develops often in chronic hemodialysis patients. However, there have been several case reports on c...

    Authors: Nobuyuki Araki, Sonoko Misawa, Kazumoto Shibuya, Satoshi Ota, Takashi Oide, Asuka Kawano, Minako Beppu, Yukio Nakatani and Satoshi Kuwabara
    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:35
  5. Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is a rare genodermatosis with severe blistering. No curative treatment is available. Scientific data indicated that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a green ...

    Authors: Christine Chiaverini, Coralie Roger, Eric Fontas, Emmanuelle Bourrat, Eva Bourdon-Lanoy, Christine Labrèze, Juliette Mazereeuw, Pierre Vabres, Christine Bodemer and Jean-Philippe Lacour
    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:31
  6. The term ichthyosis describes a generalized disorder of cornification characterized by scaling and/or hyperkeratosis of different skin regions. Mutations in a broad group of genes related to keratinocyte diffe...

    Authors: Andrea Diociaiuti, May El Hachem, Elisa Pisaneschi, Simona Giancristoforo, Silvia Genovese, Pietro Sirleto, Renata Boldrini and Adriano Angioni
    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:4
  7. Ichthyosis with confetti (IWC) is an autosomal dominant congenital ichthyosis also known as ichthyosis variegata or congenital reticular ichthyosiform erythroderma. It manifests at birth with generalized ichth...

    Authors: Liliana Guerra, Andrea Diociaiuti, May El Hachem, Daniele Castiglia and Giovanna Zambruno
    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2015 10:115
  8. Kindler Syndrome (KS) is an autosomal recessive skin disorder characterized by skin blistering, photosensitivity, premature aging, and propensity to skin cancer. In spite of the knowledge underlying cause of t...

    Authors: Elisabeth Zapatero-Solana, Jose Luis García-Giménez, Sara Guerrero-Aspizua, Marta García, Agustí Toll, Eulalia Baselga, Maria Durán-Moreno, Jelena Markovic, Jose Manuel García-Verdugo, Claudio J Conti, Cristina Has, Fernando Larcher, Federico V Pallardó and Marcela Del Rio
    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2014 9:211
  9. Bullous pemphigoid (BP) in infants is a rare but increasingly reported autoimmune blistering skin disease. Autoantibody reactivity is usually poorly characterized. Current guidelines do not address specific as...

    Authors: Agnes Schwieger-Briel, Cornelia Moellmann, Birgit Mattulat, Franziska Schauer, Dimitra Kiritsi, Enno Schmidt, Cassian Sitaru, Hagen Ott and Johannes S Kern
    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2014 9:185