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Rare neurological diseases

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  1. Content type: Research

    High-resolution nerve ultrasound (HRUS) is a painless tool to quickly evaluate peripheral nerve morphology in vivo. This study set out to characterize peripheral nerve involvement in X-linked adrenomyeloneurop...

    Authors: Tim W. Rattay, Jennifer Just, Benjamin Röben, Holger Hengel, Rebecca Schüle, Matthis Synofzik, Anne S. Söhn, Natalie Winter, Nele Dammeier, Ludger Schöls and Alexander Grimm

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:194

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  2. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Transthyretin (TTR)-related familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP) is a life-threatening autosomal dominant, systemic disease. First symptoms usually occur from the second to over sixth decade of life with ...

    Authors: Marina Grandis, Alessandro Geroldi, Rossella Gulli, Fiore Manganelli, Fabio Gotta, Merit Lamp, Paola Origone, Lucia Trevisan, Chiara Gemelli, Sabrina Fabbri, Angelo Schenone, Stefano Tozza, Lucio Santoro, Emilia Bellone and Paola Mandich

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:177

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  3. Content type: Research

    Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) is a recessive neurological disorder with cerebellar, pyramidal and neuropathic features. Natural history data are urgently needed to increase...

    Authors: Cynthia Gagnon, Bernard Brais, Isabelle Lessard, Caroline Lavoie, Isabelle Côté and Jean Mathieu

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:165

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  4. Content type: Research

    To determine the value of a continuous repetitive task to detect and quantify fatigability as additional dimension of impaired motor function in patients with hereditary proximal spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).

    Authors: Marloes Stam, Renske I. Wadman, Bart Bartels, Maureen Leeuw, Henk-Jan Westeneng, Camiel A. Wijngaarde, Leonard H. van den Berg and W. Ludo van der Pol

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:160

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  5. Content type: Research

    Myotonic Dystrophy is the most common form of muscular dystrophy in adults, affecting an estimated 10 per 100,000 people. It is a multisystemic disorder affecting multiple generations with increasing severity....

    Authors: Libby Wood, Guillaume Bassez, Corinne Bleyenheuft, Craig Campbell, Louise Cossette, Aura Cecilia Jimenez-Moreno, Yi Dai, Hugh Dawkins, Jorge Alberto Diaz Manera, Celine Dogan, Rasha el Sherif, Barbara Fossati, Caroline Graham, James Hilbert, Kristinia Kastreva, En Kimura…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:155

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  6. Content type: Research

    Minocycline is an old tetracycline antibiotic that has shown antiinflammatory and antiapoptotic properties in different neurological disease mouse models. Previous single arm study in humans demonstrated benef...

    Authors: Belén Ruiz-Antoran, Aranzazu Sancho-López, Rosario Cazorla-Calleja, Luis Fernando López-Pájaro, Ágata Leiva, Gema Iglesias-Escalera, Maria Esperanza Marín-Serrano, Marta Rincón-Ortega, Julián Lara-Herguedas, Teresa Rossignoli-Palomeque, Sara Valiente-Rodríguez, Javier González-Marques, Enriqueta Román-Riechmann and Cristina Avendaño-Solá

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:144

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  7. Content type: Review

    Complex neurodevelopmental disorders need multi-disciplinary treatment approaches for optimal care. The clinical effectiveness of treatments is limited in patients with rare genetic syndromes with multisystem ...

    Authors: Jatinder Singh and Paramala Santosh

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:128

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  8. Content type: Research

    Dystrophinopathies are a set of severe and incurable X-linked neuromuscular disorders caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene (DMD). These mutations form a complex spectrum. A national registration network is ...

    Authors: Peipei Ma, Shu Zhang, Hao Zhang, Siying Fang, Yuru Dong, Yan Zhang, Weiwei Hao, Shiwen Wu and Yuying Zhao

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:109

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  9. Content type: Research

    Transthyretin-related hereditary amyloidosis (ATTR) is a systemic disease characterized by extracellular deposits of amyloid due to the autosomal dominant inheritance of a mutation in the TTR gene (18q12.1). A...

    Authors: Alejandra González-Duarte, Karla Cárdenas-Soto, Carlo Enrico Bañuelos, Omar Fueyo, Carolina Dominguez, Benjamín Torres and Carlos Cantú-Brito

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:107

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  10. Content type: Research

    RYR1-related Myopathies (RYR1-RM) comprise a group of rare neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) occurring in approximately 1/90000 people in the US pediatric population. RYR1-RM result from pathogenic mutations in the r...

    Authors: Jessica W. Witherspoon, Ruhi P. Vasavada, Melissa R. Waite, Monique Shelton, Irene C. Chrismer, Paul G. Wakim, Minal S. Jain, Carsten G. Bönnemann and Katherine G. Meilleur

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:105

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  11. Content type: Research

    ATP8A2 mutations have recently been described in several patients with severe, early-onset hypotonia and cognitive impairment. The aim of our study was to characterize the clinical phenotype of patients with ATP8...

    Authors: Hugh J. McMillan, Aida Telegrafi, Amanda Singleton, Megan T. Cho, Daniel Lelli, Francis C. Lynn, Julie Griffin, Alexander Asamoah, Tuula Rinne, Corrie E. Erasmus, David A. Koolen, Charlotte A. Haaxma, Boris Keren, Diane Doummar, Cyril Mignot, Islay Thompson…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:86

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  12. Content type: Review

    GNE myopathy is an ultra-rare autosomal recessive disease, which starts as a distal muscle weakness and ultimately leads to a wheelchair bound state. Molecular research and animal modelling significantly moved...

    Authors: Oksana Pogoryelova, José Andrés González Coraspe, Nikoletta Nikolenko, Hanns Lochmüller and Andreas Roos

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:70

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  13. Content type: Research

    Autoantibodies against the smaller isoform of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65Ab) reflect autoimmune etiologies in Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and several neurological disorders, including Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS)....

    Authors: Suvi Liimatainen, Jerome Honnorat, Sean J. Pittock, Andrew McKeon, Mario Manto, Jared R. Radtke and Christiane S. Hampe

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:55

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  14. Content type: Position statement

    The reversal of the Rett syndrome disease process in the Mecp2 mouse model of Guy et al. (2007) has motivated families and researchers to work on this condition. The reversibility in adult mice suggests that t...

    Authors: Angus John Clarke and Ana Paula Abdala Sheikh

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:44

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  15. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is an autosomal dominant disorder mainly due to a deletion of chromosome 17p11.2 including PMP22 (PMP22 Del HNPP). The prevalence of HNPP is estimat...

    Authors: Jong Eun Park, Seung-Jae Noh, Mijin Oh, Dae-Yeon Cho, So Young Kim and Chang-Seok Ki

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:40

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  16. Content type: Research

    Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disorder with an incidence of 1:6000 live births and associated with the development of benign tumors in several organs. It is also characterized by high rates of ...

    Authors: Monika Słowińska, Sergiusz Jóźwiak, Angela Peron, Julita Borkowska, Dariusz Chmielewski, Krzysztof Sadowski, Elżbieta Jurkiewicz, Aglaia Vignoli, Francesca La Briola, Maria Paola Canevini and Katarzyna Kotulska-Jóźwiak

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:25

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  17. Content type: Research

    Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) affects several neurological structures, giving rise to multiple symptoms. However, only the natural history of ataxia is well known, as measured during the study duration....

    Authors: Thais Lampert Monte, Estela da Rosa Reckziegel, Marina Coutinho Augustin, Lucas D. Locks-Coelho, Amanda Senna P. Santos, Gabriel Vasata Furtado, Eduardo Preusser de Mattos, José Luiz Pedroso, Orlando Póvoas Barsottini, Fernando Regla Vargas, Maria-Luiza Saraiva-Pereira, Suzi Alves Camey, Vanessa Bielefeldt Leotti and Laura Bannach Jardim

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:20

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  18. Content type: Review

    Hereditary ATTR (ATTRm) amyloidosis (also called transthyretin-type familial amyloid polyneuropathy [ATTR-FAP]) is an autosomal-dominant, adult-onset, rare systemic disorder predominantly characterized by irre...

    Authors: Yoshiki Sekijima, Mitsuharu Ueda, Haruki Koike, Sonoko Misawa, Tomonori Ishii and Yukio Ando

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2018 13:6

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  19. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Congenital myasthenic syndrome caused by mutations in AGRN, a gene encoding a protein with a crucial function at the neuromuscular junction, is a rare disorder. There are few studies in this area. We here present...

    Authors: Jianying Xi, Chong Yan, Wei-Wei Liu, Kai Qiao, Jie Lin, Xia Tian, Hui Wu, Jiahong Lu, Lee-Jun Wong, David Beeson and Chongbo Zhao

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:182

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  20. Content type: Research

    Mitochondrial dysfunction may represent a pathogenic factor in Huntington disease (HD). Physical exercise leads to enhanced mitochondrial function in healthy participants. However, data on effects of physical ...

    Authors: Sandro Manuel Mueller, Saskia Maria Gehrig, Jens A. Petersen, Sebastian Frese, Violeta Mihaylova, Maria Ligon-Auer, Natalia Khmara, Jean-Marc Nuoffer, André Schaller, Carsten Lundby, Marco Toigo and Hans H. Jung

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:184

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  21. Content type: Review

    Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) is a choesinopathy: a severe genetic disorder caused by mutations in the cohesin complex genes. The phenotype is characterized by typical facial dysmorphism, growth impairment...

    Authors: Laura Avagliano, Paolo Grazioli, Milena Mariani, Gaetano P. Bulfamante, Angelo Selicorni and Valentina Massa

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:174

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  22. Content type: Research

    Based on the hypothesis of a brain energy deficit, we investigated the safety and efficacy of triheptanoin on paroxysmal episodes in patients with alternating hemiplegia of childhood due to ATP1A3 mutations.

    Authors: Elodie Hainque, Samantha Caillet, Sandrine Leroy, Constance Flamand-Roze, Isaac Adanyeguh, Fanny Charbonnier-Beaupel, Maryvonne Retail, Benjamin Le Toullec, Mariana Atencio, Sophie Rivaud-Péchoux, Vanessa Brochard, Florence Habarou, Chris Ottolenghi, Florence Cormier, Aurélie Méneret, Marta Ruiz…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:160

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  23. Content type: Research

    Pelvic symptoms are distressing symptoms experienced by patients with Friedreich’s Ataxia (FRDA). The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), bowel and sexual s...

    Authors: Meher Lad, Michael H. Parkinson, Myriam Rai, Massimo Pandolfo, Petya Bogdanova-Mihaylova, Richard A. Walsh, Sinéad Murphy, Anton Emmanuel, Jalesh Panicker and Paola Giunti

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:158

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  24. Content type: Research

    Limb girdle muscular dystrophies are a group of rare and genetically heterogeneous diseases that share proximal weakness as a common feature; however they are often lacking very specific phenotypic features to...

    Authors: Elizabeth Harris, Ana Topf, Rita Barresi, Judith Hudson, Helen Powell, James Tellez, Debbie Hicks, Anna Porter, Marta Bertoli, Teresinha Evangelista, Chiara Marini-Betollo, Ólafur Magnússon, Monkol Lek, Daniel MacArthur, Kate Bushby, Hanns Lochmüller…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:151

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  25. Content type: Research

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal-dominant disease characterised by symptoms of the skin, eyes, nervous system and bones. A previous study indicated that constipation, large rectal diameters and p...

    Authors: Cecilie Ejerskov, Klaus Krogh, John R. Ostergaard, Janne L. Fassov and Annette Haagerup

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:139

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  26. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a rare, autosomal-recessive mitochondrial disorder caused by TYMP mutations presenting with a multisystemic, often lethal syndrome of progressive l...

    Authors: Benjamin Röeben, Justus Marquetand, Benjamin Bender, Heiko Billing, Tobias B. Haack, Iciar Sanchez-Albisua, Ludger Schöls, Henk J. Blom and Matthis Synofzik

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:135

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  27. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    Angelman syndrome (AS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterised by severe global developmental delays, ataxia, loss of speech, epilepsy, sleep disorders, and a happy disposition. There is cu...

    Authors: Kathryn R. Napier, Megan Tones, Chloe Simons, Helen Heussler, Adam A. Hunter, Meagan Cross and Matthew I. Bellgard

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:134

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  28. Content type: Research

    Ataxia Telangiectasia (AT) is a rare incurable genetic disease, caused by biallelic mutations in the Ataxia Telangiectasia-Mutated (ATM) gene. Treatment with glucocorticoid analogues has been shown to improve the...

    Authors: Michele Menotta, Sara Biagiotti, Chiara Spapperi, Sara Orazi, Luigia Rossi, Luciana Chessa, Vincenzo Leuzzi, Daniela D’Agnano, Annarosa Soresina, Roberto Micheli and Mauro Magnani

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:126

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  29. Content type: Research

    Spinocerebellar ataxia type 29 (SCA29) is an autosomal dominant, non-progressive cerebellar ataxia characterized by infantile-onset hypotonia, gross motor delay and cognitive impairment. Affected individuals e...

    Authors: Jessica L. Zambonin, Allison Bellomo, Hilla Ben-Pazi, David B. Everman, Lee M. Frazer, Michael T. Geraghty, Amy D. Harper, Julie R. Jones, Benjamin Kamien, Kristin Kernohan, Mary Kay Koenig, Matthew Lines, Elizabeth Emma Palmer, Randal Richardson, Reeval Segel, Mark Tarnopolsky…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:121

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  30. Content type: Review

    Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (NCL), also known as Batten disease, is a group of genetically distinct lysosomal disorders that mainly affect the central nervous system, resulting in progressive motor and cogn...

    Authors: Kyeongsoon Kim, Hynda K. Kleinman, Hahn-Jun Lee and Kalipada Pahan

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:113

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  31. Content type: Research

    Inexpensive medicines with a long history of use may currently be prescribed off-label for rare indications. Reimbursement is at the discretion of health insurance companies, and may be unpredictable. The example...

    Authors: Stephanie S. Weinreich, Charlotte Vrinten, Marja R. Kuijpers, Alexander F. Lipka, Kirsten J. M. Schimmel, Erik W. van Zwet, Christine Gispen-de Wied, Yechiel A. Hekster, Jan J. G. M. Verschuuren and Martina C. Cornel

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:88

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  32. Content type: Review

    Xeroderma pigmentosum-Cockayne syndrome complex is a very rare multisystem degenerative disorder (Orpha: 220295; OMIM: 278730, 278760, 278780, 610651). Published information on XP-CS is mostly scattered throug...

    Authors: Valerie Natale and Hayley Raquer

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:65

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  33. Content type: Review

    Respiratory muscle strength is a proven predictor of long-term outcome of neuromuscular disease (NMD), including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and spinal muscular atrophy. Maximal...

    Authors: Benedikt Schoser, Edward Fong, Tarekegn Geberhiwot, Derralynn Hughes, John T. Kissel, Shyam C. Madathil, David Orlikowski, Michael I. Polkey, Mark Roberts, Harm A. W. M. Tiddens and Peter Young

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:52

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  34. Content type: Research

    North Sea Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy is a rare and severe disorder caused by mutations in the GOSR2 gene. It is clinically characterized by progressive myoclonus, seizures, early-onset ataxia and areflexia. A...

    Authors: Martje E. van Egmond, Amerins Weijenberg, Margreet E. van Rijn, Jan Willem J. Elting, Jeannette M. Gelauff, Rodi Zutt, Deborah A. Sival, Roald A. Lambrechts, Marina A. J. Tijssen, Oebele F. Brouwer and Tom J. de Koning

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:45

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  35. Content type: Research

    Non-optic gliomas occur in 5% of children with NF1, but little is known about these tumours in adults. We aimed to investigate progression, spontaneous regression and the natural history of non-optic gliomas i...

    Authors: Laura Sellmer, Said Farschtschi, Marco Marangoni, Manraj K. S. Heran, Patricia Birch, Ralph Wenzel, Jan M. Friedman and Victor-Felix Mautner

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:34

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  36. Content type: Research

    CHIP, the protein encoded by STUB1, is a central component of cellular protein homeostasis and interacts with several key proteins involved in the pathogenesis of manifold neurodegenerative diseases. This gives r...

    Authors: Stefanie Nicole Hayer, Tine Deconinck, Benjamin Bender, Katrien Smets, Stephan Züchner, Selina Reich, Ludger Schöls, Rebecca Schüle, Peter De Jonghe, Jonathan Baets and Matthis Synofzik

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:31

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  37. Content type: Research

    Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease is a lysosomal storage disorder characterized by a wide clinical spectrum and non-specific conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signs. As substrate reduction therapy ...

    Authors: Marion Masingue, Isaac Adanyeguh, Yann Nadjar, Frédéric Sedel, Damien Galanaud and Fanny Mochel

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:22

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  38. Content type: Research

    Although research in this area remains sparse, raising a child with some genetic disorders has been shown to adversely impact maternal health and family quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigat...

    Authors: Yuka Mori, Jenny Downs, Kingsley Wong, Barbara Anderson, Amy Epstein and Helen Leonard

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:16

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  39. Content type: Review

    Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency (AADCD) is a rare, autosomal recessive neurometabolic disorder that leads to a severe combined deficiency of serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine. ...

    Authors: Tessa Wassenberg, Marta Molero-Luis, Kathrin Jeltsch, Georg F. Hoffmann, Birgit Assmann, Nenad Blau, Angeles Garcia-Cazorla, Rafael Artuch, Roser Pons, Toni S. Pearson, Vincenco Leuzzi, Mario Mastrangelo, Phillip L. Pearl, Wang Tso Lee, Manju A. Kurian, Simon Heales…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2017 12:12

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  40. Content type: Research

    Canavan disease is a devastating autosomal recessive leukodystrophy leading to spongiform degeneration of the white matter. There is no cure or treatment for Canavan disease, and disease progression is poorly ...

    Authors: Steven T. Merrill, Gary R. Nelson, Nicola Longo and Joshua L. Bonkowsky

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:169

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  41. Content type: Review

    Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is an autosomal recessive disorder primarily characterized by cerebellar degeneration, telangiectasia, immunodeficiency, cancer susceptibility and radiation sensitivity. A-T is ofte...

    Authors: Cynthia Rothblum-Oviatt, Jennifer Wright, Maureen A. Lefton-Greif, Sharon A. McGrath-Morrow, Thomas O. Crawford and Howard M. Lederman

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:159

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  42. Content type: Review

    Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare disease but still one of the most abundant causes for intellectual disability in females. Typical symptoms are onset at month 6–18 after normal pre- and postnatal development, los...

    Authors: Friederike Ehrhart, Susan L. M. Coort, Elisa Cirillo, Eric Smeets, Chris T. Evelo and Leopold M. G. Curfs

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:158

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  43. Content type: Research

    Sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) is the most prevalent acquired muscle disease in the elderly. sIBM is an intractable and progressive disease of unknown cause and without effective treatment. The etiolo...

    Authors: Naoki Suzuki, Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Satoshi Yamashita, Satoshi Nakano, Ken-ya Murata, Yukie Inamori, Naoko Matsui, En Kimura, Hirofumi Kusaka, Tomoyoshi Kondo, Itsuro Higuchi, Ryuji Kaji, Maki Tateyama, Rumiko Izumi, Hiroya Ono, Masaaki Kato…

    Citation: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2016 11:146

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