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Table 4 Correlation between HRQOL scores and clinical factors among children with delayed reconstruction of EA

From: Postoperative morbidity and health-related quality of life in children with delayed reconstruction of esophageal atresia: a nationwide Swedish study

  Spearman’s rho
Generic health− related quality of life Gestational weeks at birth Birth weight grams Number of associated anomaliesa Days to reconstruction Days to discharge from tertiary pediatric surgical ward Number of esophageal dilatations
Children aged 2–7 years (parent− reports, n = 8)
Physical functioning − 0.38 − 0.61 − 0.83* − 0.68 − 0.76* 0.074
Emotional functioning − 0.61 − 0.74* − 0.80* − 0.62 − 0.68 0.11
Social functioning − 0.15 − 0.27 − 0.72 − 0.52 − 0.78* 0.12
School functioning − 0.15 − 0.31 − 0.72 − 0.46 − 0.71 0.055
Total PedsQL 4.0 scores − 0.34 − 0.60 − 0.80* − 0.62 − 0.79* − 0.024
Children aged 8–18 years (child− reports, n = 20/parent− reports, n = 22)
Physical functioning 0.04/− 0.06 0.13/− 0.03 − 0.40/− 0.36 0.18/0.23 − 0.043/ − 0.007 0.042/0.37
Emotional functioning − 0.12/0.15 0.20 /0.29 − 0.052/− 0.25 0.14/− 0.46 0.063/− 0.16 0.053/0.33
Social functioning 0.04/0.023 0.23/0.28 − 0.15/− 0.05 0.21/0.04 − 0.02/0.041 − 0.12/0.14
School functioning − 0.04/− 0.003 0.008/0.05 − 0.25/− 0.29 0.051/− 0.08 − 0.15/− 0.11 0.11/0.27
Total PedsQL 4.0 scores − 0.07/0.04 0.03 /0.11 − 0.37/− 0.37 0.14/0.06 − 0.14/− 0.12 0.082/0.26
Condition− specific health− related quality of lifE
Children aged 2–7 years (parent− reports, n = 8)
Eating − 0.67 − 0.72 − 0.81* − 0.64 − 0.71 − 0.074
Physical health & treatment − 0.39 − 0.62 − 0.80* − 0.68 − 0.74* 0.024
Social isolation & stress 0.38 0.10 − 0.40 − 0.30 − 0.65 − 0.077
Total EA− QOL − 0.34 − 0.54 − 0.78* − 0.57 − 0.83* − 0.073
Children aged 8–18 years (child− reports, n = 20/parent− reports, n = 22)
Eating 0.10/0.10 0.23/0.17 − 0.10/− 0.12 − 0.018/− 0.12 − 0.17/− 0.24 − 0.001/0.10
Social relationships 0.10/0.13 0.12/0.028 − 0.02/0.28 0.19/0.11 − 0.10/− 0.04 0/0.02
Body perception 0.21/0.15 0.25/0.037 − 0.1/0.24 0.07/0.35 − 0.18/0.08 − 0.096/0.03
Health & well− being 0.10/− 0.01 0.02 /− 0.03 − 0.53*/− 0.35 − 0.08/− 0.08 − 0.37/− 0.28 0.21/0.37
Total EA− QOL 0.13/0.07 0.24/0.09 − 0.14/0.003 0.13/0.04  −  0.12/− 0.14 0.07/0.17
  1. HRQOL Health-related quality of life, EA  Esophageal atresia
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. Spearman’s rho considered weak (0–0.39), moderate (0.40–0.59), strong (≥ 0.60)
  4. aCardio-vascular, gastrointestinal, urogenital, limb, vertebrae-rib, choanalatresia, eye, ear, central nervous system or respiratory anomaly or other