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Table 5 Correlation of depression with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics

From: Anxiety and depression in school-age patients with spinal muscular atrophy: a cross-sectional study

Variables Depression Non-depression r P
Gender     − 0.064 0.428
Male 20 (28.2%) 51 (71.8%)   
Female 19 (22.6%) 65 (77.4%)   
Age subgroups    0.134 0.095
8–12 years 27 (22.1%) 95 (77.9%)   
13–18 years 12 (36.4%) 21 (63.6%)   
Types of SMA disease     − 0.111 0.114
Type I 6 (50.0%) 6 (50.0%)   
Type II 24 (23.8%) 77 (76.2%)   
Type III 9 (21.4%) 33 (78.6%)   
Respiratory system dysfunction    0.268 0.001
Yes 17 (45.9%) 20 (54.1%)   
No 22 (18.6%) 96 (81.4%)   
Digestive system dysfunction    0.318  < 0.001
Yes 13 (59.1%) 9 (40.9%)   
No 26 (19.5%) 107 (80.5%)   
Skeletal deformity    0.181 0.024
Yes 31 (31.0%) 69 (69.0%)   
No 8 (14.5%) 47 (85.5%)   
Rehabilitation exercise     − 0.182 0.023
Yes 12 (16.7%) 60 (83.3%)   
No 27 (32.5%) 56 (67.5%)   
Academic delay    0.280  < 0.001
Yes 12 (14.1%) 73 (85.9%)   
No 27 (38.6%) 43 (61.4%)   
Type of school     − 0.195 0.015
Personalized 6 (12.5%) 42 (87.5%)   
Traditional 33 (30.8%) 74 (69.2%)   
Household income    0.009 0.912
High (≥ 200,000 RMB) 6 (26.1%) 17 (73.9%)   
Low (< 200,000 RMB) 33 (25.0%) 99 (75.0%)   
  1. Bold indicates p-values under 0.05