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Table 3 Factors modulating self-reported QoL of children (VSP-A): N=28

From: Quality of life of transplanted children and their parents: a cross-sectional study

  RFa BI VIT RFr LEI SCH RMS
Gender of the child        
Boys 70.4 ± 15.3 77.5 ± 18.5 82.7 ± 20.2 53.8 ± 31.8 60.7 ± 20.1 70.8 ± 19.2 67.1 ± 29.6
Girls 59.8 ± 20.4 74.5 ± 20.0 74.4 ± 23.1 58.2 ± 24.2 55.1 ± 26.6 70.8 ± 19.8 78.1 ± 34.2
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Age of the child (R) − 0.090 0.265 − 0.150 0.491 − 0.163 0.443 − 0.073
p value NS NS NS 0.009 NS 0.024 NS
Grade retention        
No 74.1 ± 12.3 79.6 ± 17.3 82.8 ± 18.9 60.6 ± 26.9 58.4 ± 19.0 73.4 ± 17.0 68.2 ± 31.9
Yes 57.3 ± 20.3 72.0 ± 21.4 74.2 ± 24.1 46.6 ± 32.8 56.8 ± 25.8 67.5 ± 23.0 73.1 ± 31.9
p value 0.020 NS NS NS NS NS NS
Age of parent (R) 0.100 0.113 − 0.018 0.435 − 0.054 0.371 0.135
p value NS NS NS 0.021 NS NS NS
Parental marital status        
Single 61.3 ± 13.9 64.3 ± 23.2 66.7 ± 33.1 45.4 ± 27.0 53.5 ± 32.3 64.6 ± 14.6 36.1 ± 28.2
Couple 68.6 ± 18.3 79.9 ± 16.3 83.7 ± 15.7 57.8 ± 29.7 60.3 ± 19.1 72.6 ± 20.0 80.8 ± 23.6
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS 0.001
Parent’ educational level        
< 12 years 62.9 ± 20.1 74.4 ± 21.8 77.1 ± 23.0 49.7 ± 31.0 58.4 ± 25.5 66.1 ± 23.7 66.0 ± 33.8
≥ 12 years 71.7 ± 13.1 78.8 ± 15.6 83.5 ± 19.1 61.5 ± 26.6 59.4 ± 18.3 76.0 ± 10.8 75.0 ± 28.3
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Parent’ professional status        
Workers 71.0 ± 16.1 78.3 ± 19.6 80.3 ± 19.7 59.2 ± 29.4 61.5 ± 18.8 75.7 ± 17.4 71.9 ± 31.6
Not workers 59.9 ± 18.5 73.9 ± 17.9 79.5 ± 24.7 48.0 ± 28.7 54.1 ± 27.4 62.5 ± 19.5 68.3 ± 31.1
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Siblings number (Ra) 0.004 0.483 0.131 − 0.216 0.210 − 0.119 0.246
p value NS 0.014 NS NS NS NS NS
Nature of the transplant        
Liver 71.1 ± 12.1 78.6 ± 18.6 82.4 ± 21.0 53.1 ± 35.4 60.5 ± 22.6 71.3 ± 17.7 63.3 ± 37.5
Kidney 65.7 ± 20.8 78.8 ± 17.1 82.5 ± 24.6 56.1 ± 27.9 64.1 ± 18.0 73.8 ± 16.1 81.7 ± 19.6
Heart 62.5 ± 20.6 70.2 ± 22.5 72.9 ± 16.8 57.1 ± 23.6 48.9 ± 26.2 66.1 ± 25.7 63.9 ± 33.6
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Age at transplant (R) 0.072 0.161 − 0.060 0.430 0.023 0.225 − 0.005
p value NS NS NS 0.025 NS NS NS
Delay from transplant − 0.021 0.071 − 0.151 0.249 − 0.230 0.415 − 0.009
p value NS NS NS NS NS 0.031 NS
Graft rejection        
Yes 70.0 ± 20.5 74.7 ± 20.9 80.4 ± 21.0 54.5 ± 36.3 54.2 ± 24.2 70.8 ± 22.8 75.0 ± 28.9
No 64.8 ± 15.6 78.2 ± 17.1 79.7 ± 22.6 54.3 ± 24.3 63.6 ± 20.5 70.8 ± 16.1 66.7 ± 33.0
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Reoperation        
Yes 68.2 ± 10.5 83.1 ± 15.7 82.6 ± 22.1 54.6 ± 29.0 65.0 ± 22.7 75.0 ± 8.83 60.2 ± 37.9
No 66.3 ± 20.6 73.5 ± 19.6 78.6 ± 21.1 55.5 ± 30.1 55.5 ± 21.6 68.8 ± 22.4 76.0 ± 26.0
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Radiointervention        
Yes 64.0 ± 19.2 72.9 ± 18.4 79.2 ± 21.6 52.6 ± 31.3 54.2 ± 23.0 66.2 ± 21.5 77.6 ± 27.2
No 72.1 ± 13.7 81.3 ± 18.5 79.4 ± 21.6 56.5 ± 24.9 69.9 ± 17.6 77.8 ± 10.4 54.6 ± 33.1
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Last residual treatment level        
Satisfactory 66.7 ± 17.7 80.5 ± 17.5 81.4 ± 18.5 54.9 ± 29.6 60.2 ± 20.8 75.0 ± 16.6 72.5 ± 25.1
Not satisfactory 68.4 ± 12.8 71.8 ± 18.2 81.4 ± 26.6 53.8 ± 34.3 63.0 ± 20.1 62.5 ± 20.4 71.4 ± 36.0
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Medication switch        
Yes 66.0 ± 17.0 78.9 ± 19.0 79.3 ± 20.7 49.9 ± 31.4 53.1 ± 22.0 73.0 ± 13.3 69.9 ± 30.9
No 69.5 ± 19.6 69.6 ± 18.4 81.9 ± 23.4 68.4 ± 17.9 73.3 ± 15.0 65.6 ± 28.9 71.9 ± 32.7
p value NS NS NS NS 0.038 NS NS
Regular treatment        
Yes 66.2 ± 18.0 70.0 ± 19.3 75.1 ± 23.7 58.3 ± 29.9 54.7 ± 24.0 68.4 ± 23.0 70.3 ± 31.0
No 68.5 ± 17.4 88.3 ± 10.4 89.0 ± 12.0 49.6 ± 28.5 66.4 ± 16.5 75.0 ± 8.3 70.8 ± 32.2
p value NS 0.016 NS NS NS NS NS
  1. RFa, relations with parents/family; BI, body image/self-esteem; VIT, vitality; RFr, relations with friends; LEI, leisures; SCH, school performance; RMS, relations with medical staff; higher scores indicate higher QoL
  2. Bold values: p values< 0.05
  3. aR: correlation’s coefficients