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Table 2 Factors modulating children quality of life reported by parents (VSP-Ap): N=45

From: Quality of life of transplanted children and their parents: a cross-sectional study

  VIT PsWB RFr LEI RPa PhWB RT SCH BI RMS
Gender of the child           
Boys 80.1 ± 13.8 77.6 ± 20.1 56.8 ± 29.4 65.0 ± 57.0 79.0 ± 13.2 70.3 ± 22.0 76.1 ± 24.8 69.8 ± 15.2 76.3 ± 16.5 75.4 ± 31.9
Girls 73.5 ± 16.0 79.0 ± 15.7 59.0 ± 21.6 57.7 ± 22.0 78.1 ± 14.2 74.7 ± 19.7 68.4 ± 33.5 64.8 ± 18.9 76.1 ± 13.2 68.1 ± 32.7
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Age of the child (R) − 0.243 − 0.146 0.139 − 0.008 − 0.070 − 0.008 − 0.353 − 0.236 − 0.467 0.053
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS 0.030 NS 0.002 NS
Grade retention           
No 78.0 ± 14.6 77.5 ± 19.6 58.5 ± 24.5 63.6 ± 53.2 79.6 ± 12.8 73.1 ± 20.6 78.5 ± 23.0 71.0 ± 15.2 78.2 ± 14.7 65.7 ± 36.2
Yes 75.4 ± 16.9 78.1 ± 17.0 55.8 ± 31.0 54.4 ± 25.5 77.5 ± 15.6 69.6 ± 21.6 66.3 ± 35.1 61.5 ± 18.0 70.2 ± 14.7 83.3 ± 19.5
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Age of parent (Ra) − 0.194 − 0.165 0.099 0.065 − 0.163 − 0.147 − 0.248 − 0.188 − 0.224 0.076
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Parental marital status           
Single 76.9 ± 21.7 76.8 ± 29.0 49.2 ± 32.2 49.4 ± 28.6 79.4 ± 21.4 70.8 ± 25.8 70.8 ± 33.3 66.7 ± 16.5 77.1 ± 17.5 67.9 ± 29.0
Couple 77.5 ± 13.0 78.3 ± 16.1 59.9 ± 24.4 65.0 ± 48.2 78.3 ± 11.1 72.1 ± 20.2 73.2 ± 28.6 68.1 ± 17.0 75.3 ± 14.3 73.2 ± 33.0
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Parent’ educational level           
< 12 years 75.2 ± 17.9 76.0 ± 22.1 53.6 ± 26.4 55.2 ± 24.2 78.0 ± 15.0 70.7 ± 23.9 69.5 ± 33.6 68.2 ± 14.3 71.0 ± 14.5 80.8 ± 23.4
≥ 12 years 80.0 ± 11.2 80.6 ± 14.5 61.4 ± 26.4 69.6 ± 61.9 78.5 ± 12.3 73.8 ± 18.4 74.5 ± 24.5 68.4 ± 19.8 80.2 ± 14.5 61.1 ± 37.6
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS 0.047 NS
Parent’ professional status           
Workers 77.8 ± 13.9 79.4 ± 16.3 67.4 ± 20.1 71.9 ± 53.8 81.8 ± 10.7 70.6 ± 17.3 79.0 ± 24.5 68.5 ± 17.6 78.5 ± 12.7 67.0 ± 37.9
Not workers 76.7 ± 16.5 76.0 ± 21.5 44.6 ± 28.0 48.7 ± 25.7 74.3 ± 16.1 73.4 ± 25.6 64.1 ± 33.4 66.9 ± 15.9 71.7 ± 16.8 79.7 ± 19.7
p value NS NS 0.014 0.047 NS NS NS NS NS NS
Siblings number (Ra) − 0.301 − 0.154 − 0.141 − 0.124 − 0.159 0.005 − 0.265 − 0.162 − 0.339 0.055
  NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS 0.035 NS
Transplant           
Liver 84.9 ± 13.3 84.1 ± 18.1 61.5 ± 27.6 55.7 ± 19.0 80.3 ± 15.2 73.0 ± 21.5 83.3 ± 24.2 70.6 ± 16.5 80.7 ± 14.3 70.4 ± 34.0
Kidney 70.8 ± 11.2 74.9 ± 16.1 52.1 ± 25.1 70.5 ± 72.9 79.2 ± 10.6 72.1 ± 19.7 59.8 ± 34.5 61.6 ± 17.3 69.9 ± 11.9 78.5 ± 27.6
Heart 72.2 ± 17.6 73.1 ± 20.5 60.6 ± 26.0 61.1 ± 22.5 74.8 ± 14.6 70.2 ± 23.8 75.0 ± 20.4 72.2 ± 15.0 77.1 ± 18.5 67.6 ± 35.7
p value 0.003 NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Age at transplant (Ra) − 0.199 − 0.157 0.140 0.158 − 0.147 − 0.024 − 0.219 − 0.191 − 0.519 0.158
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS <0.001 NS
Delay from transplant (Ra) − 0.112 − 0.036 0.064 − 0.238 0.086 − 0.004 − 0.203 − 0.110 − 0.032 − 0.014
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS 0.035 NS
Graft rejection           
Yes 75.2 ± 15.1 76.4 ± 17.4 53.8 ± 29.3 49.4 ± 19.8 78.1 ± 15.0 72.8 ± 17.5 68.4 ± 25.6 66.4 ± 18.1 76.1 ± 16.7 78.6 ± 28.0
No 78.4 ± 15.1 79.0 ± 19.4 59.5 ± 23.6 70.1 ± 56.2 78.9 ± 12.7 70.8 ± 23.9 76.2 ± 32.0 69.0 ± 16.4 76.1 ± 14.4 66.7 ± 34.8
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS  
Reoperation           
Yes 78.1 ± 16.5 79.5 ± 19.6 67.0 ± 24.5 61.3 ± 22.1 82.0 ± 13.1 69.1 ± 21.2 79.8 ± 30.8 67.5 ± 16.9 76.9 ± 11.9 60.0 ± 37.8
No 77.4 ± 14.3 76.9 ± 17.9 54.5 ± 25.0 63.7 ± 54.8 77.0 ± 13.6 73.5 ± 21.4 68.8 ± 27.5 67.7 ± 17.3 76.1 ± 16.8 79.3 ± 26.2
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
Radiointervention           
Yes 75.0 ± 15.9 75.2 ± 19.8 60.5 ± 27.3 55.8 ± 23.3 79.2 ± 13.8 69.3 ± 23.1 68.9 ± 31.1 63.0 ± 15.8 73.3 ± 15.8 69.1 ± 32.9
No 83.3 ± 12.2 83.5 ± 14.9 55.3 ± 22.3 76.7 ± 69.1 79.2 ± 13.5 77.7 ± 16.8 82.6 ± 19.9 76.8 ± 15.4 82.7 ± 12.5 74.4 ± 32.4
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS 0.020 NS NS
Last residual treatment level           
Satisfactory 73.9 ± 13.9 79.7 ± 18.2 57.7 ± 25.9 66.2 ± 52.4 77.2 ± 10.6 71.7 ± 23.1 67.7 ± 30.2 67.6 ± 16.4 76.0 ± 15.1 74.1 ± 32.1
Not satisfactory 87.6 ± 13.1 83.3 ± 13.5 64.3 ± 28.8 57.2 ± 22.5 86.8 ± 12.1 77.1 ± 18.2 88.1 ± 22.5 69.4 ± 17.8 79.6 ± 17.2 65.5 ± 39.2
p value 0.025 NS NS NS 0.037 NS NS NS NS NS
Medication switch           
Yes 77.3 ± 14.8 79.5 ± 19.2 57.7 ± 25.6 60.6 ± 54.9 78.0 ± 13.7 74.6 ± 20.9 67.9 ± 30.6 64.4 ± 16.2 76.5 ± 12.9 73.4 ± 32.5
No 77.6 ± 16.3 75.5 ± 18.0 62.2 ± 23.2 66.9 ± 16.4 78.8 ± 14.1 64.3 ± 20.0 84.0 ± 23.7 75.0 ± 16.1 76.1 ± 16.6 69.9 ± 32.2
p value NS NS NS 0.049 NS NS 0.08 0.043 NS NS
Regular treatment           
Yes 76.0 ± 16.6 76.0 ± 21.3 55.6 ± 28.0 54.0 ± 23.1 78.7 ± 14.7 71.1 ± 24.0 74.5 ± 29.8 66.7 ± 18.3 73.8 ± 15.5 72.2 ± 33.0
No 79.4 ± 12.1 81.8 ± 10.8 61.3 ± 23.0 76.9 ± 69.5 76.8 ± 11.0 73.3 ± 16.4 67.3 ± 28.8 69.2 ± 14.8 79.2 ± 13.1 72.2 ± 31.4
p value NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS
  1. VIT, vitality; PsWB, psychological well-being; RFr, relations with friends; LEI, leisure activities; RPa, relations with parents; PhWB, physical well-being; RT, relations with teachers; SCH, school performance; BI, body image; RMS, relations with medical staff
  2. NS: non significant; R: correlation coefficient; Bold values: p values < 0.05; higher scores indicate higher QoL
  3. *Number of hospitalizations after transplant