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Table 3 Characteristics of ASD and ADHD in the child and adolescent population in the TS 2000 and TOSCA studies

From: A comparison of two studies and the prevalence and sex ratio of Neurodevelopmental conditions in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

  TS 2000—prevalence TOSCA—prevalence Chi squared analysis
Child and adolescent
 Definite ASDa 43% (n = 80) 22% (n = 586) \({X}^{2}\)(1) = 15.54***
 Probable ASDb 68% (n = 80) \({X}^{2}\)(1) = 72.40***
Child and adolescent
 Definite ADHDc 23% (n = 78) 25% (n = 571) \({X}^{2}\)(1) = 0.07
 Probable ADHDd 46% (n = 78) \({X}^{2}\)(1) = 13.98***
  1. *P ≤ 0.05, **P ≤ 0.01, ***P ≤ 0.001
  2. aADI-R and ADOS-2 positive
  3. bADI-R or ADOS-2 positive
  4. cPervasive and persistent ADHD
  5. dPervasive or persistent ADHD