Skip to main content

Table 2 Male and female prevalence of ASD and ADHD in the TS 2000 and TOSCA studies

From: A comparison of two studies and the prevalence and sex ratio of Neurodevelopmental conditions in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

  Female prevalence Male prevalence Chi-squared analysis
TOSCA (n = 786)
 ASD 13.5% 28.9% \({ X}^{2}\)(1) = 27.15***
TS 2000 (n = 80)
 Definite ASDa 40.5% 45.9% \({X}^{2}\)(1) = 0.07
 Probable ASDb 75.7% 61.9% \({X}^{2}\)(1) = 1.15
TOSCA (n = 752)
 ADHD 16.7% 28.1% \({ X}^{2}\)(1) = 13.45***
TS 2000 (n = 78)
 Definite ADHDc 15.5% 33.3% \({ X}^{2}\)(1) = 2.46
 Probable ADHDd 35.6% 60.6% \({ X}^{2}\)(1) = 3.85*
  1. *P ≤ 0.05, **P ≤ 0.01, ***P ≤ 0.001
  2. aADI-R and ADOS-2 positive
  3. bADI-R or ADOS-2 positive
  4. cPervasive and persistent ADHD
  5. dPervasive or persistent ADHD