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Table 1 General characteristics of Prader-Willi patients

From: Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown on the mental and physical health of adults with Prader-Willi syndrome

Patient characteristics
N 85
Age (years) 28.05 ± 8.73 [18.00–51.00]
Sex N (%) Female 45 (52.9) Male 40 (47.1)
BMI (kg/m2) 36.76 ± 10.74 [19.60–68.00]
Diabetes N (%) 21 (24.7)
Hypertension N (%) 10 (11.8)
Dyslipidemia N (%) 16 (20.2)
Active smoking N (%) 7 (8.9)
Genetics  
del(15)(q11-q13)
UPD(15)mat
Female 26 (30.5), male 21 (24.7)
Female 19 (22.4), male 19 (22.4)
Conditions of lockdown
Usual place of residence N (%) Family home: 60 (70.6), health-care institution: 25 (29.4)
Geographic region N (%) Greater Paris region: 59 (69.4)
Number of rooms/Number of habitants (except institutions) 1.42 ± 0.59 [0.50–3.67]
Daily occupations
Usual daily activity N (%) Work 27 (31.4)
School 18 (20.9)
Leisure activities 22 (25.6)
No activity 19 (22.1)
Physical activity
Change in physical activity N (%) Increased 16 (18.8), decreased 57 (67.1), stable 12 (14.1)
Daily number of physical activities 1.54 ± 0.97 [0.00–4.00]
Type of physical activity (%) Walking 39.1%
Fitness 22.0%
Exercise bike/treadmill 15.3%
Gardening 11.2%
Housekeeping 7.8%
Outdoor games 4.6%
Change in time being sedentary N (%) Increased 60 (75.0), decreased 5 (6.2) stable 15 (18.8)
Sleep
Change in time spent sleeping N (%) Increased 20 (24.1), decreased 5 (6.0), stable 58 (69.9)
Weight/eating habits
Change in weight (kg and %) kg: − 0.96 ± 3.28 [− 13.00; + 5.00] %: − 1.07 ± 3.26 [− 10.00; + 6.25]
Change in weight N (%) Gain 22 (27.5), loss 39 (48.8), stable 19 (23.7)
Change in eating behavior N (%) Worse 17 (20.7), improved 29 (35.4), stable 36 (43.9)
Aggressivity towards food N (%) Yes 16 (20.0)
Psychological impact
Difficulties during lockdown N (%) Major 11 (12.9), minor 38 (44.7), none 36 (42.4)
  1. Results are expressed as the means ± SD [range] for continuous variables and as frequencies and percentages for categorical variables. BMI: body mass index. del(15)(q11-q13): Deletion from the paternal origin in the 15q11-q13 chromosomic region. UPD(15)mat: Maternal UniParental Disomy of chromosome 15