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Table 2 Distribution of neuropsychiatric disorders in individuals with different levels of ID

From: Assessment of tuberous sclerosis-associated neuropsychiatric disorders using the MINI-KID tool: a pediatric case–control study

Neuropsychiatric disorders Different levels of ID P value
Normal (n = 28) Mild-moderate (n = 34) Severe-profound (n = 33)
Major depressive episode 3 (10.71) 3 (8.82) 0 (0.00) 0.17
Suicide 2 (7.14) 3 (8.82) 1 (3.03) 0.61
Dysthymia 2 (7.14) 0 (0.00) 2 (6.06) 0.31
(Mild) manic episodes 4 (14.29) 8 (23.53) 9 (27.27) 0.46
Panic disorder 6 (21.43) 7 (20.59) 12 (36.36) 0.27
Agoraphobia 3 (10.71) 4 (11.76) 9 (27.27) 0.14
Separation anxiety disorder 4 (14.29) 4 (11.76) 2 (6.06) 0.56
Social anxiety disorder 4 (14.29) 15 (44.12) 20 (60.61) 0.01
Specific phobia 10 (35.71) 7 (20.59) 8 (24.24) 0.38
Obsessive–compulsive disorder 1 (3.57) 1 (2.94) 4 (12.12) 0.24
Posttraumatic stress disorder 2 (7.14) 1 (2.94) 0 (0.00) 0.28
Tic disorder 2 (7.14) 5 (14.71) 8 (24.24) 0.18
ADHD 6 (21.43) 21 (61.76) 22 (66.67) 0.01
Conduct disorder 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 1 (3.03) 0.39
Oppositional defiant disorder 1 (3.57) 3 (8.82) 3 (9.09) 0.98
Pervasive developmental disorder 0 (0.00) 8 (23.53) 13 (39.39) 0.01
  1. Data are presented as n (%)
  2. ID intellectual development, ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder