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Table 3 Child’s behavioral problems as reported by their parents (CBCL)

From: Psychological functioning in children suspected for mitochondrial disease: the need for care

Scale/subscaleMothers reportFather reportDiagnosis vs no diagnosis, mothers report
 Mean T-score (SD) N = 113–115% in clinical rangeMean T-score (SD) N = 82–84% in clinical range 
Total score55.91 (10.04)18.6**54.15 (10.64)18.3*T(110) = 1.64, p = .104
Internalizing59.35 (11.27)40.7**57.71 (11.58)32.9**T(110) = 2.36, p = .020d
Externalizing48.36 (10.08)7.947.84 (9.88)7.2T(111) = −.24, p = .811
Anxious/depressed55.66 (8.08)5.255.00 (7.52)3.6U = 1276, p = .069
Somatic complaints65.44 (10.37)36.863.40 (11.22)25.3T(111) = 1.49, p = .140
Painc 34.2 27.7χ2(1) = 1.21, p = .272
Tirednesscb 51.9 40.7χ2(1) = 492, p = .483
Headachec 16.1 14.5χ2(1) = 4.12, p = .042d
Stomach pain/crampsc 14.2 11χ2(1) = 1.19, p = .276
Obstipationc 9.6 11.9χ2(1) = .45, p = .503
Doesn’t eat wellca 25.0 26.7χ2(1) = .40, p = .530
Withdrawn/depressed59.01 (8.47)12.357.77 (7.74)13.3T(111) = 1.71, p = .090
Withdrawn/depressedadj56.34 (7.54)7.055.65 (6.91)4.8T(111) = .62, p = .535
Attention problems58.26 (8.26)8.857.67 (8.80)8.4 
Aggressive behavior53.69 (6.69)3.553.29 (5.97)2.4 
Emotional reactive (1.5–5)a56.86 (9.96)8.656.83 (6.27)0 
Sleep problems (1.5–5)a55.23 (6.85)2.952.86 (4.76)0 
Social problems (6–18)b57.80 (7.68)5.157.17 (8.15)9.3 
Thought problems (6–18)b58.13 (9.21)12.758.56 (9.46)16.7 
Rule breaking behavior (6–18) b52.33 (4.12)1.352.54 (4.30)1.9 
  1. *P < .05
  2. **P < .001
  3. aVersion 1.5–5 years, N = 35 mothers, 29 fathers
  4. bVersion 6–18 years, N = 79 mothers, 54 fathers
  5. cItem of the subscale somatic complaints. Rated as percentage of scores > 2 (‘very often/ true’ as response)
  6. dpatients without a diagnosis have a higher mean score compared to patients with a diagnosis