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Table 3 Proportion of AUs in the happiness condition (EMOmim task)

From: Equivocal expression of emotions in children with Prader-Willi syndrome: what are the consequences for emotional abilities and social adjustment?

ModalityEmotion patternAll-PWS (N = 25)PWS-DEL (N = 11)PWS-UPD (N = 12)TD-CA (N = 25)TD-DA (N = 25)GLM analyses
Group effect (Wald Chi-Square test)Pairwise comparisons (Wald test)
FACIALJoy*0.272 (0.182)0.382 (0.188)0.184 (0.134)0.432 (0.180)0.358 (0.186)p = .008UPD < DEL / DA / CA
Sadness0.069 (0.073)0.064 (0.074)0.060 (0.073)0.103 (0.087)0.101 (0.066)ns 
Anger0.091 (0.100)0.091 (0.096)0.071 (0.096)0.120 (0.099)0.113 (0.084)ns 
Fear0.220 (0.185)0.273 (0.187)0.125 (0.103)0.273 (0.165)0.243 (0.177)p = .064UPD < DEL / DA / CA
BODILYJoy*0.133 (0.193)0.150 (0.230)0.140 (0.170)0.333 (0.137)0.307 (0.093)p = .043UPD / DEL < DA / CA
Sadness0.020 (0.070)0.023 (0.075)0.020 (0.073)0.020 (0.070)0.020 (0.070)ns 
Anger0.029 (0.059)0.039 (0.067)0.011 (0.041)0.023 (0.053)0.011 (0.040)ns 
Fear0.020 (0.055)0.015 (0.050)0.013 (0.048)0.020 (0.055)0.020 (0.057)ns 
  1. Legend. Means (SDs) proportion of AUs from each emotional expression pattern in the children’s facial and bodily productions and summary results of GLM analyses. *Target emotion; ns not significant