Skip to main content

Table 2 Proportion of AUs in the children’s facial reactions (EMOrea task)

From: Equivocal expression of emotions in children with Prader-Willi syndrome: what are the consequences for emotional abilities and social adjustment?

Emotion patternAll-PWS (N = 25)PWS-DEL (N = 11)PWS-UPD (N = 12)TD-CA (N = 25)TD-DA (N = 25)Group effect (One-way ANOVA)Post-hoc comparison (Tukey correction)
Joya0.057 (0.048)0.057 (0.046)0.056 (0.054)0.113 (0.130)0.068 (0.082)ns 
Surprise0.074 (0.110)0.106 (0.157)0.053 (0.047)0.031 (0.072)0.041 (0.091)ns 
Anger0.035 (0.028)0.041 (0.029)0.031 (0.029)0.025 (0.023)0.030 (0.038)ns 
Fear0.024 (0.018)0.028 (0.017)0.019 (0.020)0.011 (0.012)0.011 (0.009)p = .003DEL > UPD / DA / CA
Sadness0.041 (0.030)0.028 (0.017)0.019 (0.020)0.031 (0.025)0.047 (0.055)ns 
Disgust0.014 (0.010)0.012 (0.008)0.016 (0.012)0.006 (0.010)0.005 (0.004)p < .001UPD > DEL / DA / CA
  1. Legend. Means (SDs) proportion of AUs from each emotion pattern in the children’s facial reactions by group, and the summary results of One-way ANOVA analyses. aTarget emotion; ns not significant