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Table 2 Distribution of responses (correct/incorrect/doesn’t know) of 12 knowledge related questions among students who have heard about thalassaemia (n = 521)

From: Lack of knowledge and misperceptions about thalassaemia among college students in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional baseline study

QuestionsCorrect n (%)Incorrect n (%)Don’t know n (%)χ2p
1. Thalassaemia is a contagious disease (NO)271 (52%)106 (20.3%)144 (27.7%)79.84< 0.0001
  Arts and humanities72 (13.8%)58 (11.1%)94 (18%)  
  Business Studies15 (2.9%)12 (2.3%)12 (2.3%)  
  Science184 (35.5%)36 (6.9%)38 (7.4%)  
2. Thalassaemia is a genetic disease (Yes)292 (56%)74 (14.2%)155 (29.8%)28.26< 0.0001
  Arts and humanities99 (19%)33 (6.3%)92 (17.7%)  
  Business Studies22 (4.2%)6 (1.2%)11 (2.1%)  
  Science171 (32.8%)35 (6.7%)52 (10%)  
3. Thalassaemia could be transmitted through blood transfusion from a person with thalassaemia (No)43 (8.3%)336 (64.4%)142 (27.3%)34.93< 0.0001
  Arts and humanities23 (4.4%)114 (21.9%)87 (16.7%)  
  Business Studies3 (0.6%)25 (4.8%)11 (2.1%)  
  Science17 (3.3%)197 (37.8%)44 (8.4%)  
4. Marriage between two carriers can lead to a child with thalassaemia major (Yes)315 (60.4%)42 (8.1%)164 (31.5%)32.85< 0.0001
  Arts and humanities107 (20.5%)19 (3.6%)98 (18.8%)  
  Business Studies22 (4.2%)4 (0.8%)13 (2.5%)  
  Science186 (35.7%)19 (3.6%)53 (10.2%)  
5. If one parent is a carrier, the couple has a chance of having a child with thalassaemia disease (No)62 (11.9%)285 (54.7%)174 (33.4%)38.31< 0.0001
  Arts and humanities29 (5.6%)93 (17.9%)102 (19.6%)  
  Business Studies7 (1.3%)17 (3.3%)15 (2.9%)  
  Science26 (5%)175 (33.6%)57 (10.9%)  
6. Marriage between close relatives can increase the chance of thalassaemia (Yes)115 (22.1%)151 (29%)255 (48.9%)3.00.588
  Arts and humanities44 (8.4%)63 (12.1%)117 (22.5%)  
  Business Studies7 (1.3%)13 (2.5%)19 (3.6%)  
  Science64 (12.3%)75 (14.4%)119 (22.8%)  
7. Thalassaemia carriers are as healthy as normal people (Yes)184 (35.3%)163 (31.3%)174 (33.4%)22.512< 0.0001
  Arts and humanities79 (15.2%)50 (9.6%)95 (18.2%)  
  Business Studies11 (2.1%)13 (2.5%)15 (2.9%)  
  Science94 (18%)100 (19.2%)64 (12.3%)  
8. Thalassaemia is a preventable disease (Yes)134 (25.7%)165 (31.7%)222 (42.6%)14.790.005
  Arts and humanities60 (11.5%)55 (10.6%)109 (20.9%)  
  Business Studies14 (2.7%)9 (1.7%)16 (3.1%)  
  Science60 (11.5%)101 (19.4%)97 (18.6%)  
9. Thalassaemia is a completely curable disease (No)129 (24.7%)201 (38.6%)191 (36.7%)20.30< 0.0001
  Arts and humanities42 (8.1%)93 (17.9%)89 (17.1%)  
  Business Studies4 (0.8%)23 (4.4%)12 (2.3%)  
  Science83 (15.9%)85 (16.3%)90 (17.3)  
10. Which part of the human body or organ is affected by Thalassaemia? (Blood or circulatory system)61 (11.7%)26 (5%)434 (83.3%)23.82< 0.0001
  Arts and humanities12 (2.3%)8 (1.5%)204 (39.2%)  
  Business Studies2 (0.4%)2 (0.4%)35 (6.7%)  
  Science47 (9%)16 (3.1%)195 (37.4%)  
11. Anyone could be a thalassaemia carrier including you. (Yes)330 (63.4%)118 (22.6%)73 (14%)17.630.001
  Arts and humanities123 (23.6%)55 (10.6%)46 (8.8%)  
  Business Studies27 (5.2%)7 (1.3%)5 (1%)  
  Science180 (34.5%)56 (10.7%)22 (4.2%)  
12. Thalassaemia can be identified by blood test (Yes)340 (65.2%)113 (21.7%)68 (13.1%)17.160.002
  Arts and humanities129 (24.8%)52 (10%)43 (8.3%)  
  Business Studies24 (4.6%)10 (1.9%)5 (1%)  
  Science187 (35.9%)51 (9.8%)20 (3.8%)