Skip to main content

Table 4 Average scores of proxy-reported PedsQL 3.0 Neuromuscular Module across disease-related characteristics (n = 87)

From: Quality of life of children with spinal muscular atrophy and their caregivers from the perspective of caregivers: a Chinese cross-sectional study

  Mobility Stable course of disease Skeletal deformity Digestive system dysfunction
Non-sitter (n = 34) Sitter (n = 37) Walker (n = 16) Effect size (d) No (n = 33) Yes (n = 54) Effect size(d) No (n = 21) Yes (n = 66) Effect size(d) No (n = 70) Yes (n = 17) Effect size(d)
Non-sitter versus sitter Non-sitter versus Walker Sitter versus Walker
Total score 43.03 ± 11.98 52.51 ± 13.48a 66.38 ± 19.58b,c 0.70 1.19 0.71 57.67 ± 15.51 47.50 ± 15.80 0.64 57.67 ± 17.84 49.35 ± 15.48 0.47 54.20 ± 16.28 39.65 ± 10.77 0.89
Neuromuscular disease 40.27 ± 12.70 53.97 ± 12.68a 67.28 ± 19.98b,c 1.08 1.35 0.67 57.53 ± 16.46 47.11 ± 16.65 0.63 57.56 ± 17.31 49.00 ± 16.83 0.49 54.52 ± 16.68 36.85 ± 11.48 1.06
Communication 72.79 ± 28.89 69.82 ± 26.89 75.00 ± 30.28 0.10 0.07 0.17 76.77 ± 27.54 68.98 ± 28.20 0.28 73.41 ± 26.83 71.46 ± 28.61 0.07 71.07 ± 28.51 75.49 ± 26.59 0.16
Family resources 34.56 ± 16.67 37.16 ± 23.99 59.38 ± 23.23b,c 0.11 1.07 0.93 46.67 ± 24.20 36.30 ± 21.44 0.29 49.52 ± 26.64 37.27 ± 21.02 0.46 43.29 ± 23.14 27.65 ± 17.69 0.68
  1. Values in the table are means, standard deviations and effect sized. Effect size (Cohen’s d) is interpreted as: 0.2 ≤ d < 0.5 small difference, 0.5 ≤ d < 0.8 moderate, and d ≥ 0.8 large
  2. Bold prints indicate P < 0.05
  3. aPost hoc significance between non-sitter and sitter
  4. bPost hoc significance between non-sitter and walker
  5. cPost hoc significance between sitter and walker