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Table 4 Results of logistic regression models for non-adult participants (minors)

From: Why is misdiagnosis more likely among some people with rare diseases than others? Insights from a population-based cross-sectional study in China

  Model 1a Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
OR 95% CIb OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Rarity-moderate 0.798 (0.396,1.552) 1.535 (0.607,1.504) 1.119 (0.619,1.587) 0.801 (0.592,1.123) 2.479 (0.646,2.566)
Rarity-mild 0.932 (0.447,1.883) 1.59 (0.24,2.32) 1.298 (0.631,5.378) 0.913 (0.819,3.348) 2.63 (0.165,6.815)
Female    0.88 (0.601,1.291)      0.886 (0.485,1.573)
Age    1.113*** (1.059,1.171)      1.09** (1.03,1.150)
Rural Hukou    1.193 (0.765,1.858)      1.076 (0.304,1.304)
Underdeveloped area    1.074 (0.734,1.576)      0.972 (0.545,1.793)
Father—primary and secondary school (9-year schooling)    0.796 (0.355,1.737)      0.878 (0.219,2.363)
Father—high school (12-year schooling)    0.834 (0.372,1.82)      0.777 (0.138,1.508)
Father—College and above (15-year schooling and above)    0.797 (0.332,1.85)      0.817 (0.1,1.483)
Some difficult to access RD information      2.549*** (1.746,3.709)    2.571*** (1.535,4.516)
Very difficult to access RD information      5.324*** (3.579,7.739)    5.174*** (3.041,8.992)
No complication      0.730*** (0.625,0.853)    0.735** (0.593,0.92)
Close to average economic level        0.885 (0.689,1.267) 1.109 (0.512,2.043)
Above average economic level        0.888 (0.589,2.754) 1.155 (0.87,40.165)
Family size        1.028 (0.893,1.146) 0.991 (0.946,1.758)
  1. Bold value indicates significant results
  2. Reference groups are rarity-extremely rare, male, urban Hukou, developed area, father-no education, a little difficult to access RD information, yes complication, below average local economic level
  3. aModel 1 = level of rarity model; Model 2 = demographic model, Model 3 = Healthcare management model; Model 4 = social support model; and Model 5 = Full model
  4. b95% CI 95% confidence interval, OR odds ratio
  5. c*p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001