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Table 4 Complications during delivery in post-onset deliveries among GNE myopathy patients

From: Pregnancy in GNE myopathy patients: a nationwide repository survey in Japan

   General population (Japanese) Post-onset deliveries (n = 23) Comparison
Frequency
%
Frequency
% [95% CI]
P value
Type of delivery Vaginal delivery 81.9 [18] 82.6 [61.2-95.0] 1
Cesarean section (CS) 18.1 [18] 17.4 [5.0-38.8] 1
Emergency CS 13.7a 4.3 [0.1-21.9] 0.15
Previous CS 8.1 [18] 8.7 [1.1-28.0] 0.71
Breech presentation 2.4 [21] 4.3 [0.1-21.9] 0.43
Beginning of vaginal deliveryb Spontaneous labor   66.7 [41.0-87.7]  
PROM 10-20 [22]c 16.7 [3.6-41.4]  
Bleeding   0.0 [0.0-18.5]  
Induced labor   16.7 [3.6-41.4]  
Fetal abnormality   0.0 [0.0-18.5]  
Maternal abnormality   0.0 [0.0-18.5]  
Overdue pregnancy   5.6 [0.1-27.3]  
Scheduled   11.1 [1.4-34.7]  
Outcomes of vaginal deliveryd,e No assistance   78.9 [54.4-93.9]  
Vacuum extraction 7.6 [18] 10.5 [1.3-33.1] 0.39
Manual fundal pressure 11.2 [23] 15.8 [3.4-39.6] 0.46
Forceps delivery 0.3 [18] 0.0 [0.0-17.6]  
Management Labor augmentationf   33.3 [13.3-59.0]  
Blood transfusion 0.5 [17] 0.0 [0.0-14.8] 1
Number of fetuses Singletons 98.1 [17] 100.0 [85.1-100.0] 1
Complications after delivery Maternity blues   4.3 [0.1-21.9]  
Postnatal depression   0.0 [0.0-14.8]  
Deep vein thrombosis   0.0 [0.0-14.8]  
Intrauterine infection   0.0 [0.0-14.8]  
Mastitis   0.0 [0.0-14.8]  
Prolapsed uterus   0.0 [0.0-14.8]  
  1. PROM Premature rupture of the membrane
  2. aAnalyzed 3109 deliveries at Tokyo Medical and Dental University from 2013-2019
  3. bAnalyzed 18/19 post-onset vaginal deliveries due to missing data (no response)
  4. cFrequency among deliveries
  5. dAnalyzed 19/19 post-onset vaginal deliveries
  6. eMultiple choices allowed
  7. fAnalyzed 18/23 post-onset deliveries due to missing data (no response)
  8. * p <0.05