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Table 2 Laboratory Measures in Pre and Post-Diet Checks

From: The modified Atkins diet in children with Prader-Willi syndrome

Participant No.1234 (excluded
Abnl urine)
56 (Dropped)
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl)
 Pre-Diet147181197142156116
 Post-Diet136211223 296 
 Difference−113026 140 
LDL (mg/dl)
 Pre-Diet7398112809755
 Post-Diet59135131 235 
 Difference−143719 138 
Triglycerides (mg/dl)
 Pre-Diet5729103378172
 Post-Diet594264 80 
 Difference213−39 −1 
Hemoglobin A1C
 Pre-Diet5.24.864.95.65.8
 Post-Diet4.84.85.7 4.9 
 Difference−0.40−0.3 −0.7 
HOMA-IR Score*
 Pre-Diet2.80.812.17.422.118.4
 Post-Diet3.81.95 2.3 
 Difference11.1−7 0.2 
ALT (nl < 31 IU)
 Pre- Diet142016281312
 On-Diet143214 26 
 Post-Diet141716 10 
Urine Ca/Cr Ratio (nl < 0.2)
 Pre-Diet0.0650.120.0650.600.06n/a
 On Diet0.0890.160.031 0.16 
 Post-Diet0 .01n/a0.057 n/a 
  1. *HOMA-IR score above 1.9 – early insulin resistance; score above 2.9- significant insulin resistance
  2. Abbreviations: mg milligrams, dl deciliter, IU international units