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Table 1 Pattern recognition in DGC-related muscular dystrophies at the thigh level

From: Value of muscle magnetic resonance imaging in the differential diagnosis of muscular dystrophies related to the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex

 In the proximal thighIn the distal thigh
The trefoil with single fruit signSevere fatty infiltration and atrophy of adductor longusAdductor longus medial sparingThe concentric fatty infiltrationRelative sparing of vastus intermedius and vastus medialis
LGMD2D2/11 (18.18%)8/11 (72.72%)5/11 (45.45%)9/11 (72.73%)2/11 (18.18%)
LGMD2E2/5 (40.00%)2/5 (40.00%)2/5 (40.00%)4/5 (80.00%)1/5 (20.00%)
LGMD2C0/1 (0.00%)1/1 (100.00%)1/1 (100.00%)1/1 (100.00%)0/1 (0.00%)
Sarcoglycanopathies4/17 (23.53%)11/17 (64.71%)8/17 (47.06%)14/17 (82.35%)3/17 (17.65%)
LGMD2I2/10 (20.00%)6/10 (60.00%)5/10 (50.00%)9/10 (90.00%)1/10 (10.00%)
DMD15/16 (93.75%)0/16 (0.00%)0/16 (0.00%)0/16 (0.00%)12/16 (75.00%)
BMD6/6 (100.00%)1/6 (16.67%)0/6 (0.00%)0/6 (0.00%)3/6 (50.00%)
Dystrophinopathies21/22 (95.45%)1/22 (4.55%)0/22 (0.00%)0/22 (0.00%)15/22 (68.18%)
  1. Sarcoglycanopathies, LGMD2D, LGMD2E, and LGMD2C; FKRP-associated dystroglycanopathy, LGMD2I; Dystrophinopathies, DMD and BMD. DGC, dystrophin-glycoprotein complex; LGMD, limb-girdle muscular dystrophy; DMD, Duchenne muscular dystrophy; BMD, Becker muscular dystrophy