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Table 3 Social characteristics of the study sample with Wilson disease in relation to the predominant clinical form of the disease

From: Social and demographic characteristics of a Polish cohort with Wilson disease and the impact of treatment persistence

Variable Pre-symptomatic
n = 22
n (%)
Hepatic
n = 73
n (%)
Neurological
n = 107
n (%)
p-value
Education
 - Primary school 1 (4.5) 1 (1.4) 3 (2.8) NS
 - Vocational 7 (31.8) 11 (15.1) 33 (30.8) 0.01
 - Upper-secondary/post-secondary and higher education 13 (59.1) 61 (83.6) 70 (65.5) 0.003
 - Missing data 1 (4.5) 0 1 (0.9) NS
Source of income
 - Salary 5 (22.7) 41 (56.2) 21 (19.6) < 0.0001
 - Disability pension 0 19 (26.0) 57 (53.3) 0.0003
 - Pension (retired) 0 0 2 (1.9) NS
 - Social support 0 2 (2.7) 9 (8.4) NS
 - Other (self-employed, farming, student stipend) 17 (77.3) 5 (6.9) 9 (8.4) < 0.0001
 - Family support 0 6 (8.2) 9 (8.4) NS
Status of household
 - Living alone 2 (9.1) 4 (5.5) 6 (5.6) NS
 - With parents/guardians 13 (59.1) 17 (23.3) 18 (16.8) 0.0001
 - With wife/husband/informal relationship 5 (22.7) 26 (35.6) 28 (26.2) NS
 - With family (wife/husband and children) 2 (9.1) 22 (30.1) 46 (43.0) 0.006
 - Missing data 0 4 (5.5) 9 (8.4) NS
Marital status
 - Single 14 (63.6) 21 (28.8) 22 (20.6) 0.0002
 - Divorced 0 2 (2.7) 9 (8.4) NS
 - Widowed 0 1 (1.4) 3 (2.8) NS
 - Married 5 (22.7) 34 (46.6) 56 (52.3) 0.04
 - Informal relationship 2 (9.1) 9 (12.3) 8 (7.5) NS
 - Missing data 1 (4.5) 6 (8.2) 9 (8.4) NS
  1. NS not significant