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Table 2 Echocardiographic characteristics of patients and controls

From: Cardiac and autonomic function in patients with Wilson’s disease

  Patients Controls p-value
Left ventricle
 LVEF, % 63.78 (2.7) 63.2 (2.4) 0.382
 LVEDD in mm 45.6 (5.9) 46.8 (6) 0.43
 LVESD in mm 29.3 (5.1) 30.5 (5.9) 0.48
 IVST, mm 9.3 (1.4) 10 (2.2) 0.17
 PWT, mm 9.2 (1.3) 9.9 (1.9) 0.06
 Aortic root, mm 30.4 (3.7) 30.4 (3.1) 0.96
 E/A ratio 1.3 (0.7) 1.3 (0.4) 0.22
Diastolic dysfunction
 I° 9 (14.8%) 0.001
 II°  
 III°  
Right ventricle
 RVEDD in mm 26.4 (4.5) 27.2 (4.5) 0.45
 RVSP, mmHg 22.3 (4.1) 24.1 (3.7) 0.13
 TAPSE, mm 23.6 (4.1) 25.1 (3.6) 0.15
  1. Data are presented as mean (SD), or n (%) unless otherwise stated
  2. LVEDD left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, LVESD left ventricular end-systolic diameter, IVST interventricular septal thickness, PWT posterior wall thickness, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, RVEDD right ventricular end-diastolic diameter, RVSP right ventricular systolic pressure, TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion