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Table 3 Frequency of urinary problems among 108 HSP subjects compared to controls

From: Gastrointestinal and urinary complaints in adults with hereditary spastic paraparesis

Symptom Sample
  HSP Controls
Frequency of daytime urination
 8–11 times 20.8%** 9.7%
 >  11 times 6.6%** 1.0%
Frequency of nighttime urination
 >  4 times 5.7%** 0.7%
Frequency of nighttime urination experienced as a personal problem 14.9%** 2.8%
Sudden, compelling urge to urinate that is difficult to suppress at least several times a week 51.9%** 14.4%
Involuntary loss of urine 53.7%** 26.2%
 In connection with sudden and strong urge to void 58.3% 53.6%
 At least daily/nightly 30.5%** 12.7%
 At least a “large” amount 14.8%** 3.8%
 Experienced as personal problem 21.7%** 8%
  1. Note. **difference between samples is significant at the p < .001-level