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Table 3 Classification of structural cardiac defects in SMA type 1 patients

From: Cardiac pathology in spinal muscular atrophy: a systematic review

Diagnostic groups Reported occurrence
1. Abnormalities of position and connection of heart 2x
2. Tetralogy of Fallot and variants 1x
3. Abnormalities of great veins
4. Abnormalities of atria and atrial septum 23x
5. Abnormalities of atrioventricular valves and atrioventricular septal defect 3x
6. Abnormalities of ventricles and ventricular septum 17x
7. Abnormalities of ventriculo-arterial valves and great arteries 7x
8. Abnormalities of coronary arteries, arterial duct and pericardium 6x
  1. Reported structural (congenital) cardiac abnormalities were classified into 8 groups, in accordance with the European Paediatric Cardiac Code (IPCCC short list) [14, 15]. Table 3 shows details on a total of 42 patients, some of whom had more than one structural cardiac abnormality