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Table 1 Pharmacological causes of hyperprolactinaemia [182]

From: The risks of overlooking the diagnosis of secreting pituitary adenomas

Pharmacological group Drugs
Antipsychotics Typical: phenothiazines, butirophenones, thyoxanthenes
Atypical: risperidone, molindone, amisulpride, quetiapine, olanzapine
Antidepressants Tricyclics: amitriptyline, desipramine, clomipramine
MAO inhibitors: pargyline, clorgyline
SSRIs: fluoxetine, citalopram, paroxetine
Antihypertensive drugs Verapamil, α-methyldopa, reserpine, labetolol
Anticonvulsants Phenytoin
Prokinetics Metoclopramide, domperidone
Hormonal preparations Oestrogen, danazol
H2-blockers Cimetidine, ranitidine
Controlled substances Opiates, methadone, morphine, apomorphine, heroin, cocaine, marijuana
Other Anaesthetics, sibutramine, alcohol
  1. MAO monoamine oxidase, SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor