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Table 2 Comparison of clinical features in patients with Joubert syndrome vs. those with inconclusive MRI findings

From: Nosological delineation of congenital ocular motor apraxia type Cogan: an observational study

Neuroradiological diagnosis Joubert syndrome Inconclusive MRI T p
Number of patients 11 8   
Sex 8 male, 3 female 3 male, 5 female   
Present age (years) [mean (SD)] 12.0 (8.3) 10.4 (6.4) 0.46 0.65
Age at diagnosis of COMA (months) [mean (SD)] 6.2 (2.7) 5.4 (2.4) 0.67 0.51
Amelioration of OMA 100 % (11/11) 100 % (8/8)   
Unsupported walking at age (months) [mean (SD)] 28.0 (7.7) 22.5 (4.3) 1.82 0.09
Cognitive development:    Fisher´s exact test: p = 0.055
Normal 3 6
Learning disability or intellectual disability 8 2
  1. Abbreviations: COMA congenital ocular motor apraxia, OMA ocular motor apraxia, SD standard deviation, T T value from T-test for independent variables