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Table 4 Sleep measures adjusted means (±S.E.)

From: Selective cognitive and psychiatric manifestations in Wolfram Syndrome

  Normative average WFS T1DM HC p
   N M N M N M  
PSQ total scorec   14 0.21 ± 0.0a,b 21 0.12 ± 0.0 19 0.06 ± 0.0 <0.001*
PSQ sleepinessc   14 0.48 ± 0.1a,b 21 0.21 ± 0.01 19 0.16 ± 0.1 0.01*
PSQ snoringc   14 0.12 ± 0.1 21 0.10 ± 0.0 19 0.05 ± 0.1 0.62
PSQ behaviorc   14 0.07 ± 0.0 21 0.10 ± 0.0 19 0.03 ± 0.0 0.16
  1. p values shown for the main effect of group in univariate GLM analyses for each measure after correcting for age and gender
  2. *significant at p < 0.05
  3. adifferent from HC group
  4. bdifferent from T1DM group
  5. clower average = better sleep