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Table 4 Differences between survival rates at 1, 3, 5 and 10 years, in patients with pemphigus foliaceus

From: Prediction of survival for patients with pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristic Survival rate (%) Follow up (years) 1 3 5 10 p-value
Age of onset ≥ 65 years 68.6% 34.3% 34.3% 34.3% 0.003
Age of onset < 65 years NA 93.3% 93.3% 93.3%  
Survival difference (%) NA 59.0% 59.0% 59.0%  
Gender (M) NA NA 100.0% 100.0% NA
Gender (F) 88.5% 70.8% 70.8% 70.8%  
Survival difference (%) NA NA 29.2% 29.2%  
Alcohol (Yes) NA NA NA 100.0% NA
Alcohol (No) 89.7% 73.9% 73.9% 73.9%  
Survival difference (%) NA NA NA 26.1%  
Smoking (Yes) NA 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% NA
Smoking (No) 83.9% 58.7% 58.7% 58.7%  
Survival difference (%) NA 41.3% 41.3% 41.3%  
High blood pressure (Yes) 83.3% 66.7% 66.7% 66.7% 0.518
High blood pressure (No) 93.3% 80.0% 80.0% 80.0%  
Survival difference (%) 10.0% 13.3% 13.3% 13.3%  
Coronary heart disease (Yes) 66.7% 66.7% 66.7% 66.7% 0.545
Coronary heart disease (No) 94.4% 77.8% 77.8% 77.8%  
Survival difference (%) 27.7% 11.1% 11.1% 11.1%  
Diabetes mellitus (Yes) 50.0% 50.0% 50.0 % 50.0% 0.197
Diabetes mellitus (No) 94.7% 79.0% 79.0% 79.0%  
Survival difference (%) 44.7% 29.0% 29.0% 29.0%  
Dental problems (Yes) 82.5% 82.5% 82.5% 82.5% 0.623
Dental problems (No) NA 70.0% 70.0% 70.0%  
Survival difference (%) NA 12.5% 12.5% 12.5%  
ESR ≥ 30 mm/hour NA 71.4% 71.4% 71.4% NA
ESR < 30 mm/hour 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%  
Survival difference (%) NA 28.6% 28.6% 28.6%  
Steroids ≥ 1 mg/kg/day NA 75.0% 75.0% 75.0% 0.695
Steroids < 1 mg/kg/day 100.0% 81.8% 81.8% 81.8%  
Survival difference (%) NA 6.8% 6.8% 6.8%  
Anti-Dsg1 autoAbs ≥ 100 U/mL 83.3% 66.7% 66.7% 66.7% 0.313
Anti-Dsg1 autoAbs < 100 U/mL NA 87.5% 87.5% 87.5%  
Survival difference (%) 83.3% 20.8% 20.8% 20.8%