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Table 1 Characteristics of Behçet’s disease according to ethnic origin*

From: Ethnicity and association with disease manifestations and mortality in Behçet’s disease

Parameters Europe Sub saharan Africa North Africa p-value
  (n = 369) (n = 50) (n = 350)  
Age at diagnosis (years) 30.6 [24.9; 36.9] 32.21 [24.9; 40.7] 30.59 [24.5; 37.2] 0.55
Time between first symptom to diagnosis of BD (years) 3.1 [0.2; 7.9] 1.9 [0.04; 7.6] 1.9 [0.04; 7.6] 0.059
Maler gender 193 (52.3) 39 (78) 273 (78) <0.0001
Genital ulceration 217 (58.81) 31 (62) 217 (62) 0.66
Articular involvement 188 (51.09) 23 (46) 163 (46.7) 0.47
Ocular involvement 245 (66.4) 26 (53.06) 236 (67.43) 0.14
CNS involvement 108 (29.51) 24 (48) 112 (32.28) 0.035
CV involvement 152 (41.19) 27 (54) 149 (42.57) 0.22
HLAB51 163/292 (55.82) 10/34 (29.41) 119/242 (49.17) 0.009
Number of BD flares 3 [2;5] 3 [2;4.5] 3 [2;5] 0.81
Immunosuppressants 178 (48.24) 26 (52) 206 (58.86) 0.016
Glucocorticosteroids 239 (64.77) 33 (66) 238 (68) 0.66
Anticoagulation 27 (7.32) 2 (4) 20 (5.71) 0.63
Death 13 (3.52) 6 (12) 21 (6) 0.029
  1. *Except where indicated otherwise values are the median, IQR or n, percentage.
  2. CNS, central nervous system; BD, Behçet’s disease; CV, cardiovascular.