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Table 2 Results of the cephalometric analysis in norma lateralis and frontalis

From: A possible cranio-oro-facial phenotype in Cockayne syndrome

Measurement Patient 8 Patient 9 Patient 10 Patient 11 Patient 12 Patient 14 Patient 15 Patient 16 Patient 17 CS
  (6.7) (7.11) (8.1) (9.1) (9.5) (14.6) (15.10) (16.5) (28.5)  
Norma lateralis
Typology
Facial axis (°) (1) 81.0 (89.5; 3.8) 79.6 (89.6 ;4.0) 88.0 (89.5; 3.6) 89.0 (89.6; 4.1) 76.0 (89.3; 4.3) 76.0 (89.4; 4.3) 74.0 (89.2; 4.5) 96.0 (88.9; 4.6) 80.0 (89.0; 4.0)
Facial depth (°) (2) 73.0 (83.2; 3.2) 84.1 (83.8 ;2.8) 81.0 (82.1; 3.3) 80.0 (84.3; 3.0)    74.0 (83.3; 3.7) 67.0 (82.9; 4.5) 75.0 (82.5; 3.9) 78.0 (86.0; 2.5)
Lower facial height (°) (3) 56.0 (47.0; 4.0) 53.2 (47.0 ;4.0) 43.0 (47.0; 4.0) 41.0 (47.0; 4.0) 58.0 (47.0; 4.0) 50.0 (47.0; 4.0) 51.0 (47.0; 4.0) 47.0 (47.0; 4.0) 50.0 (47.0; 4.0) N
Mandibular arc (°) (4) 31.0 (26.0; 3.5) 20.1 (26.0 ;3.5) 26.0 (26.0; 3.5) 52.0 (26.0; 3.5) 13.0 (26.0; 3.5) 18.0 (28.0; 3.5) 22.0 (29.0; 3.5) 16.0 (29.0; 3.5) 22.0 (30.0; 3.5)
FMA (°) (5) 45.0 (29.4; 4.5) 38.8 (28.6 ;3.8) 36.0 (29.4; 4.8)      50.0 (27.7; 5.8) 44.0 (28.5; 6.2) 36.0 (28.7; 5.2) 41.0 (25.8; 3.0)
AFH (mm) (6) 50.0 (57.1; 3.1) 76.4 (53.3;3.3) 46.0 (61.8; 3.6) 46.0 (60.2; 3.6) 50.0 (62.8; 3.9) 52.0 (70.7; 5.5) 51.0 (73.3; 5.8) 49.0 (76.1; 5.6) 58.0 (67.2; 4.3)
PFH (mm) (7) 22.0 (37.9; 3.7) 28.5 (33.6 ;2.7) 25.0 (42.2; 3.4) 23.0 (41.2; 3.5) 25.0 (43.4; 3.3) 19.0 (51.4; 4.6) 22.0 (51.4; 4.6) 26.0 (54.3; 4.1) 30.0 (49.6; 3.9)
FHI (%) 0.4 (0.6) 0.37 (0.6) 0.5 (0.6) 0.5 (0.6) 0.5 (0.6) 0.3 (0.7) 0.4 (0.7) 0.5 (0.7) 0.5 (0.7)
Skelatal analysis                    
Convexity (mm) (8) 10.0 (4.5; 2.2) 11.9 (4.1 ;2.4) 5.0 (4.4; 2.5) 12.0 (3.6; 2.7) 7.0 (3.8; 2.3) 11.5 (2.8; 2.6) 9.0 (2.8; 2.8) 9.0 (2.6; 3.4) 8.5 (1.7; 2.9)
ANB (°) (9) 15.0 (4.7; 2.2) 10.9 (4.6 ;2.4) 8.0 (4.8; 2.2) 14.0 (4.0; 2.6) 10.0 (4.2; 1.9) 13.0 (3.4; 2.0) 11.0 (3.3; 2.1) 11.0 (3.2; 2.3) 10.0 (2.6; 2.4)
Denture analysis                    
i to APg (mm) (10) 4.0 (−0.5; 2.7) 7.2 (0.9 ;2.4) 5.0 (1.1; 2.5) 8.0 (1.6; 2.7) 6.0 (1.8; 2.4)    12.0 (1.9; 2.6) 9.0 (2.8; 2.9) 8.0 (0.8; 2.8)
i to APg (°) (11) 22.0 (15; 7.2) 25.1 (20.7 ;6.3) 44.0 (20.8; 5.2) 32.0 (22.1; 6.2) 24.0 (22.1; 4.8)    35.0 (23.8; 5.4) 37.0 (25.2; 4.9) 33.0 (21.8; 7.3)
FMIA (°) (12) 48.0 (64.8; 7.5) 59.1 (58.0 ;9.1) 45.0 (56.4; 7.7)        36.0 (55.9; 8.1) 42.0 (55.6; 8.2) 43.0 (59.0; 10.7)
IMPA (°) (13) 87.0 (87.9; 7.2) 82.1 (93.1 ;7.0) 99.0 (94.0; 5.7) 105.0 (93.9; 7.2) 81.0 (94.7; 5.7)    100.0 (94.8; 7.2) 102.0 (95.3; 6.6) 96.0 (92.1; 9.0) N
i/I (°) (14) 128.0 (142.2; 14.2) 110.8 (127.2 ;10.2) 110.0 (128.1; 11.2) 107.0 (125.5; 9.7) 117.0 (126.3; 9.2)    114.0 (129.2; 10.1) 103.0 (126.6; 10.0) 119.0 (133.6; 13.0)
Norma frontalis                    
Cranial width (mm) (15) 103.0 (135.7; 5.4) 180.9 (140.2; 4.3) 137.0 (140.2; 4.3) 132.0 (136.5; 5.6) 103.0 (140.2; 4.3) 116.0 (143.2; 4.7) 117.0 (143.2; 4.6) 120.0 (143.2; 4.6) 132.0 (139.1; 5.5)
Bifrontotemporale width (mm) (16) 69.0 (92.3; 4.9) 129.3 (95.4; 3.0) 85.0 (95.4; 3.0) 92.0 (93.9; 5.5) 72.0 (95.4; 3.0) 81.0 (100.3; 3.6) 79.0 (100.3; 3.6) 92.0 (100.3; 3.6) 93.0 (96.5; 4.5)
Bizygomatic width (mm) (17) 85.0 (109.4; 3.2) 128.4 (114.2; 4.2) 101.0 (114.2; 4.2) 105.0 (112.9; 3.4) 94.0 (114.2; 4.2) 100.0 (128.1; 4.4) 101.0 (128.1; 4.4) 105.0 (128.1; 4.4) 107.0 (122.8; 3.5)
Nasal width (mm) (18) 22.0 (26.2; 1.6) 40.6 (29.5; 2.0) 20.0 (29.5; 2.0) 22.0 (27.5; 1.6) 23.0 (29.5; 2.0) 26.0 (34.3; 2.6) 23.0 (34.3; 2.6) 24.0 (34.3; 2.6) 25.0 (30.5; 1.5)
Bigonial width (mm) (19) 65.0 (80.4; 3.8) 113.9 (83.0; 3.5) 77.0 (83.0; 3.5) 85.0 (83.5; 3.1) 66.0 (83.0; 3.5) 76.0 (94.6; 4.6) 75.0 (94.6; 4.6) 78.0 (94.6; 4.6) 89.0 (91.5; 3.1)
  1. For each measurement, the age-corresponding cephalometric standards are given (Mean; S.D.) N : Normal values. : Increased values. : Reduced values.
  2. In patient 8 angle ANB is 15 ° compared to standard angle measure of 4.7° and confirms the skeletal class II. The standard deviation is 2.2. (x) indicates the measure (in distance or degree for angles) area visible on Additional files 3 and 4.