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Table 1 DMD transcript variants and their tissue expression

From: Assessment of the structural and functional impact of in-frame mutations of the DMD gene, using the tools included in the eDystrophin online database

Promoters Publication Tissue specificity Alternative splicing mRNA RefSeq Protein RefSeq
dp427m (Koenig et al., 1989)[16] Skeletal muscle, heart muscle, glial cells Not referenced NM_004006.2 NP_003997.1
dp427c (Chelly et al., 1990)[46] Brain, retina Not referenced NM_000109.3 NP_000100.2
dp427p (Chelly et al., 1990)[46] Purkinje cells, muscle Not referenced NM_004009.3 NP_004000.1
dp260 (D'Souza et al., 1995)[47] Retina No but two alternative exon 1 1: NM_004011.3 1: NP_004002.2
     2: NM_004012.3 2: NP_004003.1
dp140 (Lidov et al., 1995)[48] Brain, kidney, retina No splicing - > dp140 NM_004013.2 NP_004004.1
    Exons 71 & 78 - > dp140ab NM_004022.2 NP_004013.1
    Exon 78 - > dp140b NM_004021.2 NP_004012.1
    Exons 71 to 74 & 78 - > dp140bc NM_004023.2 NP_004014.1
    Exons 71 to 74 - > dp140c NM_004020.3 NP_004011.2
dp116 (Byers et al., 1993)[49] Schwann cells Not referenced NM_004014.2 NP_004005.1
dp71 (Hugnot et al., 1992)[50] Everywhere except skeletal muscle No splicing - > dp71 NM_004015.2 NP_004006.1
    Exons 71 - > dp71a NM_004017.2 NP_004008.1
    Exon 71 & 78 - > dp71ab NM_004018.2 NP_004009.1
    Exon 78 - > dp71b NM_004016.2 NP_004007.1
    Stop at Exon 70 - > dp40 NM_004019.2 NP_004010.1