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Table 6 Comparison of cluster headache and trigeminal neuralgia

From: Cluster headache

  Cluster headache Trigeminal neuralgia
Age Starts around 20–30 60
Sex Male Female
Pain localization Orbital, temporal Nasal, maxillary, dental
Attack duration 15 to 180 minutes Seconds, but repeated shocks
Pain character Knife-like, stabbing, lancinating Electric shocks, burning, stinging
Trigger zone No Yes
Neurovegetative signs Yes No
Refractory period after attack Not typical Yes
Frequency per day 1–8 Highly variable but may be dozens or more