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Table 4 Comparison of migraine and cluster headache

From: Cluster headache

Migraine Cluster headache Common characteristics
No periodicity (except with menses) Periodicity (annual and daily) Incapacitating
   Alcohol is a trigger
Attacks > 4 h Attacks < 3 h Triptan effect (spray and subcutaneous)
Female > Male Male > Female  
Prostration, quietness Restlessness, agitation Dysautonomic symptoms (typical in CH, but may occur in migraine)
Pain moderate to severe Pain is severe  
Pain can be bilateral Unilateral  
Nausea and photophobia typical Nausea and photophobia can happen but not typical  
Dietary and hormonal triggers No dietary trigger except alcohol NB The two types of headache may coexist