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Table 2 Long-term result of laparoscopic myotomy with fundoplications

From: Idiopathic (primary) achalasia

Study Method Method of surgery Number of patients enrolled Length of follow-up Good to excellent response GERD* complication
Bessell et al, [78] Prospective Laparoscopic HM** 167 5 years 77% Not mentioned
Vella et al, [64] Retrospectivecohort 88% Laparoscopic and 12% open HM 73 6 years 57% 36%
Dang et al, [79] Retrospective 81% Laparoscopic and 9% open HM 22 3 years 76% Not mentioned
Raiser et al, [80] Retrospective Laparoscopic or thoracoscopic HM 35 1–4 years 97% Not mentioned
Hunt et al, [81] Retrospective Laparoscopic HM 70 2.9 years 81% 4.5%
Frantzides et al, [82] Retrospective Laparoscopic HM 53 3 years 92% 9%
Zaninotto et al, [83] Prospective Laparoscopic HM 100 2 y 92% 7%
  1. *GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease; **HM Heller myotomy